The criminal justice system works to reinforce racial

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The criminal justice system works to reinforce racial domination, blacks and Hispanics are imprisoned at disproportionally high rates Hispanics and blacks in particular are most effected by these laws today Elections 1988 Dukakis and Bush-bush won because of the story about Horton and how Dukakis “stood by” however during this time race was never mentioned the Horton story was about crime and liberal policy Jessie Jackson in late October accused Bush of tapping into whites’ fears of blacks esp. black men as rapist Once race was mentioned Bush’s ratings began to drop Implicit Racial Appeals Bush used Hortons image as a racially motivated appeal to garner white votes Bush was bale to win just because he used racial imagery connected with the racialized dispositions of a mass of white voters This contry’s political system is deeply divided by race Republicans have much to gain by ignoring nonwhite citizens and attracting white voters through racial appeals However, since the civil rights movement, racism has been outwardly decried by most americans Todays politicians no longer can employ explicit racist appeals to win support in the ways they could 40 years ago Those who do usually do not ascend to the highest posts. This fact testifies to the attenuation of racial domination in American politics
Thus, the American political field is characterized by a fundamental tension 1. Deep racial cleavages split the electorate and its political parties 2.most americans and their represenatives support racial equality as a result: politicians hoping to secure whites’ support by “playing the race card” must do so through implicit racial appeals. Politicians convey racial messages implicitly when 2 contradictory conditions hold: 1. They wish to avoid violating the norm of racial equality 2. They face incentives to mobilize racially resentful white voters implicit racial appeals can backfire if people realize what they are doing these appeals rely on white voters’ deep-seated racialized dispositions-haibts,feelings, and convinctions that sometimes rest beneath the level of consciousness these dispositions are conditioned by major social institutions which are prodcuts or racial domination Ex. Harold Ford and commercial Tapped into an enduring taboo-sexual relations between black men and white women The Role of the Media Journalists and reporters can prime our racial dispositions too Media has asserted itself as a powerful force in society Often summon up racial cues and coded language when reporting a story or debating an issue Experiment with Clinton showed 2 things 1. Voters’ approval of a democratic candidate drops steeply when they are shown images that link nonwhites to crimes the media wield impressive power over our thinking Civil Society Civil society: area of social life where we find public debate, community organizing and citizen- led political mobilization
In everyday speech we manipulate or speech in a way that we avoid being racist but advance

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