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oEPA designated waste code D003Toxicity types include –
B E M 4 3 5 1 U n i t V E s s a y P a g e | 4oWastes that are harmful if ingested or absorbed oCapable of leaching into surface and/or ground water sources. oEPA designated waste codes D004 through D043Lists of Hazardous Wastes:Hazardous waste regulatory and statutory definitions are provided by RCRA. Hazardous wastes are a subset of solid wastes and cannot be classified as hazardous without first meeting the definition of a solid waste. RCRA’s definition of a solid waste is "Any garbage, refuse, sludge from a wastewater treatment plant or air pollution control facility, and other discarded material including solid, liquid, semisolid or contained gaseous material, resulting from industrial, commercial, mining and agricultural operations, and from community activities" (Caccavale, 1999.) Additional classification of solid waste materials includes:Destined for disposalRecycled in certain waysInherently waste-like materialsMilitary munitions (Caccavale, 1999.)Waste is considered hazardous if it is found on one of the three (3) published EPA hazardous listings. These lists were compiled, by the EPA, after evaluating wastes and their chemical properties. These hazardous wastes were determined to meet of the following criteria:Exhibit one (1) of the four (4) characteristics/properties of a hazardous wasteMeet the statutory definition of a hazardous wasteBe acutely toxic or acutely hazardousBe otherwise toxic
B E M 4 3 5 1 U n i t V E s s a y P a g e | 5Once a material is determined to be considered hazardous by meeting all the associated criteria, it is placed on one (1) of the three (3) EPA published hazardous listings. These three (3) hazardous waste listings include:List “F” – Wastes from non-specific sources such as gas stations and petrochemical plants.List “K” – Wastes from specific industries such as manufacturing and wastewater treatment processes.Lists “P & U” – Waste from unused discarded commercial chemical products such as off-specification species, containers and spill residues.e-Manifest System for Tracking Hazardous Waste:The EPA launched a national system for tracking hazardous waste shipments, on June 30,2018, referred to as “e-Manifest” system. This system improves access to higher quality and timelier hazardous waste shipment data. The e-Manifest is a national reporting site and database for hazardous waste manifests and shipment data (New EPA, 2018.) The system is used to track hazardous materials from manufacture through disposal. Users of the system may submit their manifests directly through the system or by mailing paper copies that are input into the system. Isit thought that, by utilizing the e-Manifest system regulatory burden will be decreased, time and resources will be saved and it will serve to improve human health as well as the environment (New EPA, 2018.) Benefits of the e-Manifest system include:Cost savingsAccurate and more timely information on waste shipmentsRapid notification of discrepancies or other problems related to a shipment