Under those circumstances freedom and equality are politics two core principles

Under those circumstances freedom and equality are

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Under those circumstances, freedom and equality are politics’ two core principles thatstrongly oppose each other especially from a liberalist and social perspective. These have beenthe most influential political ideologies since the 19th century. For instance, liberalism iscentered on the concept of liberty, whereas socialism is centered on equality (Garner 88).Looking at liberalism it has been an important dominant political ideology in the west that favorsfreedom in terms of equality. Liberalism is based on the notions of individualism, liberty, tolerance and a particularkind of equality which reflects the importance of the human individual contrary to any collectivebody or social group. In terms of politics, some liberty thinkers believe in an intrinsic good(pg90) which is to create a society where individuals can prosper with what people consider as agood whichever way they chose to define that good. Others such as the philosopher John StuartMill, believe in the means to an end which is the value that lies in the possibilities for self-
Chalokwu 4development it produces (Garner 90). Based on the assumption that freedom is good and anylimitations of the same should be justified. This shows that it is strongly against there being alimitation on the freedom of individuals to pursue their self-interest. However, it does favor freeenterprises and private property, for instance buying or selling anything. Lastly, liberals areagainst the control of the state and believe that the role of the state should be limited tomaintaining the law, as well as providing defenses and overseeing enforcement of contracts.On the contrary, socialists favor equality rather than liberty. According to the text(Garner 93) politically, socialists have three core principles: 1.The general optimistic view of human nature. For instance, they believe that humannature is capable of being shaped by economic, social and political circumstances. Theyalso believe that those characteristics are socially conditioned and can be changedthrough fellowship, co-operation, and fellowship.2.Equality. They advocate equality of outcome because they understand that due to theresults in different positions of the social structure rather than the difference in ability iscaused by inequality. For instance education due to it being heavily influenced by social

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