LIN200 Week 14 Day 1 - Asian Languages (Internal structure)

12 sc consonants 13 chinese a tonal language mandarin

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Unformatted text preview: 12 SC Consonants 13 Chinese a tonal language - Mandarin: Four tones e.g. /ma/ a. [ma] question marker b. [ma @ ] hemp/flax c. [ma $ ] scold d. [ma & ] horse MA 15 Frequency 16 Homophones The top fifteen SC syllables are shown, where the number of words a syllable represents (ignoring tones) is shown in parentheses. 17 Ambiguity Most English monosyllables represent just one word each. Since Chinese has so many homophones, a natural question is, how does Chinese avoid ambiguity in speech? Tone Componding Context 18 Compounding 19 Homophone & Disyllabicity It is commonly thought that the creation of disyllabic words is triggered by homophone density. However, the common view cannot explain why monosyllabic names need another syllable, even though there is no ambiguity, such as when you address someone in person. 20 Japanese Accent http:/ / www.youtube.com/ watch?v=o CQvgOwBSSU Phonetics [vowels] 5 Vowel system: [ i e a o ] high back unrounded vowel Long vowels: [ i: e: a: o: u: ] Vowel length is distinctive (= contrastive) [tsizu] a map vs. [tsi:zu] cheese Phonetics (cont.) [ R ] tap / flap English: only allophonic e.g. bu tt er, wa t er it can appear only word medially, following a stressed syllable Japanese: Phonemic e.g. [ R akuda] a camel [ka R ada] body This is the only liquid sound in Japanese Phonology...
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12 SC Consonants 13 Chinese a tonal language Mandarin Four...

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