DSST Intro to Law Enforcement

Criminal defenses a entrapment b insanity c mistake

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65. Criminal Defenses a. Entrapment b. Insanity c. Mistake of fact d. Mistake of law e. Duress f. Consent of victim g. justification 66. Felony – serious criminal offense, punishable by death, incarceration a. Convicted Felons lose: a.i. the right to vote,
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a.ii. Ability to hold office a.iii. Hold certain licenses b. Typically must serve at least one year in State of Federal Prison 67. Misdemeanor – less serious crime, punishable by fines and incarceration no more than a year a. Typically serve time in local facility 68. Civil Law – Tort 69. US Law Enforcement – there are approximately 17,000 state, federal and local law enforcement agencies in the US a. Divided into 4 levels a.i. City – municipal police form the largest and most important- account for 72% of law enforcement agencies a.i.1. Have the heaviest burden for serious crime a.ii. County – supplies citizens with police service – Sheriff over 3,100 sheriff’s departments in US a.ii.1. Elected in all but 2 states(Hawaii & Rhode Island), in 37 states their office is constitutional – this makes the position Politically partisan a.ii.2. Responsible for serving court papers, civil summons, and managing security in the courtroom a.ii.3. Law enforcement, courts and corrections a.ii.3.a. 84% of sheriff departments manage the county jail a.iii. State level-law enforcement - responsible for traffic management and criminal investigation statewide a.iii.1. State Police a.iii.2. Highway patrol – enforce traffic regulations and arrest non-traffic offenders a.iii.3. State investigative agencies a.iv. Federal – FBI – role is to a.iv.1. investigate breaches in federal criminal law, a.iv.2. protect against counterintelligence, a.iv.3. investigate, analyze, and neutralize any terrorist threats, and a.iv.4. provide assistance to other agencies a.iv.4.a. help with forensic, information identification, training a.iv.5. investigate, gather evidence, in programs such as white-collar crime and organized crime a.iv.6. less complicated than city, county and state, because they do not deal with the public order or handle 911 calls a.v. Largest City police Departments – these cities deal with 23% of all violent crime a.v.1. New York a.v.2. Los Angeles a.v.3. Detroit a.v.4. Chicago a.v.5. Houston a.v.6. Philadelphia 70. Coroner – “Medical Officer” – considered local law enforcement because they determine the death of victims and perpetrators in criminal cases and the investigative nature of their job 71. Special District Police Agencies – generic term coined to describe particular agencies that serve specific government agencies (Ex: Los Angeles School District has their own police force) a.
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