• Communicate with your partner
3/24/2011 13 Methods of Testing STI’s 3 Categories Inspection Symptomatic genital warts, herpes, and pubic lice Blood or Urine tests Blood tests: Hepatitis B, Syphilis, & HIV Urine tests: Chlamydia & Gonorrhea Smears from vagina or urethra/Fluid collection Fluid collection: Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, & Herpes Complications of STI’s • Infertility • Cancer • Complications during pregnancy • Some can be fatal – AIDS, Hepatitis B & C, Syphilis • NOTE: HPV must affect the cells so that they become cancerous and not everyone who has HPV will develop cancer therefore it is not in the same category as the 3 above Sexually Transmitted Infections and Pregnancy • STIs can be passed from a pregnant woman to the baby before, during, or after the baby’s birth. – HIV can cross the placenta during pregnancy, during delivery, and can infect the baby through breast milk. – Syphilis can cross the placenta and infect the baby while it is in the uterus. – Chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital herpes, and hepatitis B & C can be transmitted from the mother to the baby during delivery.
3/24/2011 14 Sexually Transmitted Infections and Pregnancy • STI transmission can result in: – still-birth and low birth weight – conjunctivitis – pneumonia – infection of the baby’s blood stream – neurological damage – Blindness and deafness – acute hepatitis – meningitis – chronic liver disease and cirrhosis Sexually Transmitted Infections and Pregnancy • Can be prevented if the mother receives routine prenatal care. • The CDC recommends women be screened on their first prenatal visit for STIs. Summary • STI’s are transmitted by skin to skin contact, touching an infected area, vaginal, oral, and anal intercourse • 3 main types of STI’s: bacterial, viral, & parasitic • Many STI’s are ASYMPTOMATIC • Bacterial STI’s can be treated with antibiotics • Viral STI’s are life long infections • Parasitic STI’s can be treated with shampoos and creams • STI prevention includes: abstinence, mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected individual, limit number of partners, use condoms, STI testing, communicating with your partner
3/24/2011 15 Local Contacts and Websites: • Texas A&M Student Health Services Sexual Health Link – • Texas A&M University – Health Education 458-8322 (free/anonymous HIV testing) – Student Health Services 458-8250 (appointments) – Women’s Clinic 458 -8387 • B-CS Community Health Center 595-1726 • Texas Dept of Health: – Contacts and Websites • Center for Disease Control – • CDC National STI Hotline – 1-800-227-8922 – • – Risk Profile – STD Quiz • s.cfm – Other STI slides
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