praca w edukacji MBA dla przemys \u0142 u le \u015bnego zr\u00f3wnowa \u017c ony rozw\u00f3j w programie

Praca w edukacji mba dla przemys ł u le śnego

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praca w edukacji, MBA dla przemys ł u le ś nego, zrównowa- ż ony rozwój w programie studiów MBA, biznes a zrównowa ż ony rozwój, Ukraina
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* Kaliningrad State Technical University, Russia, e-mail: [email protected], phone: 79 217 11 11 04. Studia Periegetica nr 1(15)/2016 A nDrey n ikishin * Wind Energy for Sustainable Development as Applied to the Kaliningrad Region of Russia: Technical Aspects Abstract. Sustainable development means the shi ft towards the use of sustainable renewable en- ergy sources. Th e development of wind energy is certainly one of the most successful examples of how to do this. Wind power engineering is the fastest developing branch of the global energy industry. In 2014, the world reached the highest level of new wind turbines installed, a capacity more than 51 GW. Th is means that the share of wind in total electricity production is increas- ing, reaching, in some countries, outstanding values (for example, 39% of total electricity con- sumption in Denmark in 2014). Th e total capacity of a new wind turbine is comparable with the biggest traditional electrical power plants and the total installed capacity of the energy system. However, it causes speci fi c problems of interconnection, operation, and pu tt ing such installations in traditional energy systems with traditional energy sources. Th ere are good chances that the Kaliningrad region energy system in the nearest future would have to go into isolate operation because of the disconnection of Lithuanian, Latvian, and Estonian energy systems from Russian networks. If that is the case, the development of wind energy in the Kaliningrad region could become one of the most a tt ractive options for a sustainable future of power engineering. Keywords: wind energy, sustainable development, energy system, mathematical model 1. Introduction Wind power engineering – is the fastest growing sector of the world energy in- dustry. Th e highest history level of the wind turbines annual installed capacity of more than 51 GW (Chart 1 and Table 1, GWE С 2015), was recorded in 2014.
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74 Andrey Nikishin Chart 1. Global installed wind capacity in 1997-2014, cumulative and annual Cumulative wind power installation 7600 10200 13600 17400 23900 31100 39431 47620 59091 73949 93901 120715 159079 197943 238435 282132 318644 369597 MW 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Annual wind power installation 1530 2520 3440 3760 6500 7270 8133 8207 11531 14701 20286 26952 38478 38989 40943 44929 35692 51473 MW 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Source: GWEC 2015. Sustainable development means the shi ft from the use of traditional fossil fu- els towards sustainable renewable energy sources for the future decrease of CO 2 emissions. Th e development of wind energy is certainly the most successful ex- ample of how to ensure this (Table 1). Table 1. Development of wind energy Year Wind power installed capacity, MW Wind energy share in total electricity production, % Reducing of CO 2 emissions as a consequence of using wind energy, % 2008 120 715 1,50 2,2 2013 318 644 3,35 4,3 2018 820 000 8,00 11,0 Source: Press Release 2009.
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Wind Energy for Sustainable Development as Applied to the Kaliningrad...
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