6. Devaluing currencieso7. Removing artificial barriers to foreign investmento8. Price reformso9. Wage restraintso10. Institutional reforms11. What is the SAPs impact on women?1. Increased numbers of women look for income-generating workoutside the home because of harsh economic conditions in the country2. Women also enter forms of employmentwhere job security and benefits are 3. few such as domestic service, and where their vulnerability to abuse is often high4. There is much evidence to suggest that SAP’s have to lead to a widening of wage differentials between men and womenin all sectors of the economy5. In times of economic recession such as the ones that occur in the SAP’s women enrollment of girls in schoolsto save costs and to care for younger children6. The shift to export crops encouragedby SAPs often does not benefit women. Women work in subsistence agriculture and would not benefit from a export oriented market7. Greater unemployment, decreased purchasing power, and cutbacks in social servicesresult in women adopting strategies to make funds go further12. What are the new Millennium development goals (MDGs) and UN sustainable goals?Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)o1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hungero2. Achieve universal primary educationo3. Promote gender and equality and empower womeno4. Reduce child mortalityo5. Improve maternal healtho6. Combat HIV/AIDS malaria and other diseaseso7. Ensure environmental sustainabilityo8. Develop a global partnership for developmentSustainable development goalso1. No povertyo2. Zero hungero3. Good health and well-being o4. Quality educationo5. Gender equality
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o6. Clean water and sanitationo7. Affordable and clean energyo8. Decent work and economic growth o9, industry, innovation and infrastructureo10. Reduced inequalitieso11. Sustainable cities and communitieso12. Responsible consumption and productiono13. Climate actiono14. Life below watero15. Life on lando16. Peace, justice, and strong institutionso17. Partnerships for the goals13. What is globalization?The opening of national economies to the flow of international goods, capital, and ideas (do this to maximize their profits)Removes obstruction of movement of goods and create conditions that are favorable for trading in which economies can expand (WTO and IMF come in here)Think about countries as fortune 500 companiesoWe don’t want people crossing over the border we want to limit people from coming in and out14. What is the model of globalization?
15. What are the components of globalization?1. Capital- money, loans, credit, finance (won’t be globalization without it) highly developed countries are funding this2. Cheap labor- not unskilled labor but labor that cheap to get (not necessarily less skilled) developing countries do this3. Infrastructure- need roads, harbors, trains to trade certain elements fundedby developed countries4. Goods5. Markets6. Technology- electricity
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