Geography 130 Exam 3:Final Exam Study Guide.docx

Devaluing currencies o 7 removing artificial barriers

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6. Devaluing currencies o 7. Removing artificial barriers to foreign investment o 8. Price reforms o 9. Wage restraints o 10. Institutional reforms 11. What is the SAPs impact on women? 1. Increased numbers of women look for income-generating work outside the home because of harsh economic conditions in the country 2. Women also enter forms of employment where job security and benefits are 3. few such as domestic service, and where their vulnerability to abuse is often high 4. There is much evidence to suggest that SAP’s have to lead to a widening of wage differentials between men and women in all sectors of the economy 5. In times of economic recession such as the ones that occur in the SAP’s women enrollment of girls in schools to save costs and to care for younger children 6. The shift to export crops encouraged by SAPs often does not benefit women. Women work in subsistence agriculture and would not benefit from a export oriented market 7. Greater unemployment, decreased purchasing power, and cutbacks in social services result in women adopting strategies to make funds go further 12. What are the new Millennium development goals (MDGs) and UN sustainable goals? Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) o 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger o 2. Achieve universal primary education o 3. Promote gender and equality and empower women o 4. Reduce child mortality o 5. Improve maternal health o 6. Combat HIV/AIDS malaria and other diseases o 7. Ensure environmental sustainability o 8. Develop a global partnership for development Sustainable development goals o 1. No poverty o 2. Zero hunger o 3. Good health and well-being o 4. Quality education o 5. Gender equality
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o 6. Clean water and sanitation o 7. Affordable and clean energy o 8. Decent work and economic growth o 9, industry, innovation and infrastructure o 10. Reduced inequalities o 11. Sustainable cities and communities o 12. Responsible consumption and production o 13. Climate action o 14. Life below water o 15. Life on land o 16. Peace, justice, and strong institutions o 17. Partnerships for the goals 13. What is globalization? The opening of national economies to the flow of international goods, capital, and ideas (do this to maximize their profits) Removes obstruction of movement of goods and create conditions that are favorable for trading in which economies can expand (WTO and IMF come in here) Think about countries as fortune 500 companies o We don’t want people crossing over the border we want to limit people from coming in and out 14. What is the model of globalization?
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15. What are the components of globalization? 1. Capital- money, loans, credit, finance (won’t be globalization without it) highly developed countries are funding this 2. Cheap labor- not unskilled labor but labor that cheap to get (not necessarily less skilled) developing countries do this 3. Infrastructure- need roads, harbors, trains to trade certain elements funded by developed countries 4. Goods 5. Markets 6. Technology- electricity
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