the quartet orchestrating the second american revolution 1783 1789.pdf

18 see the expressions of wartime urgency in ldc 348

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18. See the expressions of wartime urgency in LDC 7:251–58, 98, 254, 348. 19. On the essential but threatening role of the Continental Army, see Charles Royster, A Revolutionary People at War: The Continental Army and the American Character (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1979), and Robert K. Wright, The Continental Army (Washington, D.C., 1983). 20. Editorial Note, GP 1:307, for the recommendation of the committee to raise eighty-eight battalions;
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JCC 5:810–11, 842–44, for the congressional vote approving the recommendations; John Hancock to GW, 9 October 1776, PWR 6:515–16, for the manpower potential of the American population. 21. For a sample of Washington’s steady stream of complaints about lack of support for the Continental Army, see the following: GW to Board of War, 11 November 1778, WW 13:244–46; GW to Benjamin Harrison, 18–30 December 1778, WW 13:463–68; GW to Committee of Conference, 13 January 1779, WW 14:3–12. 22. GW to Joseph Jones, 31 May 1780, WW 18:453; GW to Fielding Lewis, 6 July 1780, WW 19:131. On the same theme see WW 17:425–28; 18:207–11; 21:213–16, 318–21. 23. Circular Letter to the States, 26 August 1779, WW 16:173–74, for the initial effort to appeal to state governments. 24. This character sketch is primarily based on the research done for my biography His Excellency: George Washington (New York, 2004). The scholarship on Washington defies any neat synthesis, but four books strike me as seminal: Ron Chernow, Washington: A Life (New York, 2010); Marcus Cunliffe, George Washington: Man and Monument (Boston, 1958); Peter Henriques, Realistic Visionary: A Portrait of George Washington (Charlottesville, Va., 2006); and Don Higgenbotham, ed., George Washington Reconsidered (Charlottesville, Va., 2001). 25. Ellis, His Excellency , 73–74, for the instructions to his manager at Mount Vernon. 26. GW to Burwell Bassett, 19 June 1775, PWR 1:19–20. 27. On the potency of Washington as a unifying symbol, see Barry Schwartz, George Washington: The Making of a Symbol (New York, 1987). 28. GW to John Armstrong, 10 January 1783, WW 26:26–27. 29. GW to Benjamin Harrison, 4 March 1783, WW 26:184–85. 30. Circular Letter to the States, 8 June 1783, WW 26:483–88. 31. WW 26:492–96. 32. Ellis, His Excellency , 151–57. 33. My thinking on this theme was first prompted by W. W. Abbot’s essay, “George Washington, the West, and the Union,” in Higgenbotham, George Washington Reconsidered , 198–211. CHAPTER 2: THE FINANCIER AND THE PRODIGY 1. John Witherspoon to Richard Henry Lee, 19 May 1781, LDC 17:250, for the quorum problem. See also Roger Sherman to Jonathan Trumbull, Jr., 15 September 1781, LDC 18:48. 2. Charles Thomson’s Notes of Delegates, 8 August 1782, LDC 19:41–42, for Lee’s role as obstructionist. A nice character sketch of Lee is in Thomas Fleming, The Perils of Peace: America’s Struggle for Survival After Yorktown (New York, 2007), 50–54. 3. Samuel Huntington to The States, 1 June 1781, LDC 17:283–85; see also LDC 17:319–21 and 18:72– 79. 4. James Madison’s Observations, 1 May 1782, LDC 18:481–82.
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5. Charles Thomson’s Notes of Debates, 27 August 1782, LDC 19:98.
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