Lincoln passed the Homestead Act of 1862 which offered 160 acres to anyone who

Lincoln passed the homestead act of 1862 which

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are the people who buy real estate, hang on to them, and then sell them for a higher price. Lincoln passed the Homestead Act of 1862, which offered 160 acres to anyone who met the following criteria: settlers must be at least 21 years of age, or head of the family; settlers had to be american citizens or immigrants who had filed for citizenship; settlers had to build a house and live on the land at least 6 months each year; settlers had to farm the land for 5 consecutive years. The homestead act sold the land cheap anc created more than 372,000 farms. The gov protected private property rights for farmers, miners, and ranchers under the law. Not only did large numbers of americans take advantage of these western land programs, so too, did immigrants from europe. Western settlers included german, scandinavian, etc. Many chinese immigrants who had come over to America to work in the mines of on the RRs, settled in the West. Mexican Americans established ranching across the American SW. Afr Americans also moved out West. In 1879, Benjamin Pap Singleton led groups of S blacks out of the S and out W. They called themselves Exodusters, after the biblical exodus made by the Israelites. Most of the territory being settled by Americans and immigrants lay in the Great Plains, the territory between the Mississippi River and the Rocky mountains. The land was occupied by Native American tribes, many of which were nomadic, roaming across the territory following the buffalo. Conflict for land between the plain settlers and the native americans led to conflict. The US gov policy on Plains Indians remained twofold; try to negotiate treaties to limit their movement, or force them onto reservations. When both failed, the US military fought the Indians. Some key “battles” of the Indian Wars 1861-1890, were the Sand Creek Massacre (1864) the Battle of Little Big Horn (1876), and the Massacre at Wounded Knee (1890), where US troops killed 200 unarmed Sioux men, women, and children. Chap 17 In the decades following the Civil War, the US began its rise as an industrial nation. Inventors and scientists backed by big businesses revolutionized American industry and life. Between 1790 and 1860 only 36000 patents for new inventions had been issued by the US patent and trademark office. Between 1860 and 1890, over 500,000 patents were issued for new inventions that revolutionized Americans’ lives (typewriter, telephone, phonograph). By 1900, americans enjoyed one of the highest living standards of the world. The 2 most important new forms of energy emerged in that period were oil and electricity. Thomas Edison’s work on electoral inventions, especially his patented electric light bulb, brought electricity into factories, businesses and people’s homes; improving working and living conditions. Up until the Civil War, long distance communication had been revolutionized by the telegraph. American Samuel Morse perfected its use through his morse code, a system of long and short electrical pulses that represented letters. Following the civil war, several large telegraph companies merged to form the Western Union Telegraph Company, which became one of the largest US

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