Class 1 PSYC 3403 SV.pptx

Nurses are also ill prepared to work with sud

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Nurses are also ill-prepared to work with SUD patients, as many are required to have only 1 to 5 hours of instruction on drug abuse content in their undergraduate careers 74% of psychologists report no formal training in diagnosis or treatment of addictions, rating their graduate school training as “inadequate” in this area Only professional substance abuse counselors are required to have a high level of course work in substance use issues.
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Criminal Justice Costs $9 billion in 2014, or $252 for every Cdn $252 X 407 = $102,564 just for 2014 Since 2014: $102,564 X 5 yrs = $512,820 Alcohol responsible for greatest share of costs at $3.2 billion or 35.2% Cocaine responsible for 2 nd highest crime costs at $1.9 billion or 20.8% Cannabis responsible for 3 rd highest crime costs at $1.8 billion or 19.7%
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Qualifying the Implications 2014 was before cannabis legalization 2014 was before peak of opioid crisis Some jurisdictions (ON, BC) have eased restrictions on sale of alcohol since 2014 What will impact be on use of other substances with cannabis legal? Less alcohol? Electronic cigarettes gaining market share; evidence shows less harmful than smoked tobacco
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Why you should care about substance use Between 2013 and 2016, a 50% increase in anxiety, a 47% increase in depression and an 86% increase in substance abuse Over 80% of uni students drink alcohol Many students arrive on campus with established drinking patterns 15% students impacted by others’ drinking Drinking as central to social life
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Uni students’ drinking behaviour 7-8% don ’t drink 60% report 5 or more drinks on a typical occasion; 74% for their closest friends; 78% for the typical student 53% missed class at least once 38% had unplanned sex 49% did something they regretted
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Alcohol 1/3 of those who die by suicide have an alcohol use disorder (Karch, Dahlberg, & Patel, 2010) Between 40% and 60% of those who die by suicide were intoxicated at the time of their deaths and 10% of those who die by suicide had evidence of other drugs of abuse in their bodies at time of death Alcohol is a factor in 40-86% of all homicides in the U.S. (Parrott & Giancola, 2006)
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Substances? What substances?
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Christopher Reinemann
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