proximal middle and distal of the foot B BONE SHAPE CLASSIFICATION Sutural

Proximal middle and distal of the foot b bone shape

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(proximal, middle and distal) of the foot B. BONE SHAPE CLASSIFICATION: Sutural (Wormian), Long, Flat, Short, Irregular, Sesamoid C. SURFACE MARKINGS: Find some examples of the following surface markings on bones. Depressions and Openings Fissure Foramen Meatus or canal Sinus Groove or sulcus Fossa Bony processes for articulations in joints Head Neck Facet Condyle Trochlea Bone processes for connective tissue attachments Tuberosity Tubercle Trochanter Crest Line Spine Epicondyle
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D. ANATOMY OF TYPICAL LONG BONE: epiphysis, metaphysis, diaphysis, articular cartilage, periosteum, endosteum, compact bone, spongy bone, marrow cavity, bone marrow, nutrient foramen for artery and vein, epiphyseal line E. MICROANATOMY MODEL: Identify the following structures on the bone microanatomy model: 1. Compact bone 2. Spongy bone 3. Osteon (functional unit of bone) 4. Concentric lamellae (found in the osteon) 5. Circumferential lamellae (found near the periosteum) 6. Interstitial lamellae (found between osteons) 7. Sharpey’s fibers (small, strong projections that hold the periosteum to the bone) 8. Periosteum (outer connective tissue covering of bone) 9. Endosteum (inner connective tissue covering) 10. Perforating canal (perpendicular to the central canal) 11. Trabeculae (spicules in spongy bone) 12. Osteocytes in lacunae 13. Canaliculi (tiny communicating channels between osteocytes) F. MICROANATOMY OF DEVELOPING LONG BONE – ENDOCHONDRAL OSSIFICATION Endochondral ossification Notes 1. Epiphyseal plate 2. Primary ossification center 3. Secondary ossification center 4. Epiphysis 5. Metaphysis 6. Diaphysis 7. Periosteum
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3. MEDICAL APPLICATION PROBLEMS USING REGIONAL AND DIRECTIONAL TERMS Using the terminology from body regions and directional terms, describe the following conditions. Make sure you include approximate size of the conditions and whether it is on the right or left side. Here is an example: The patient presents with a 4 cm x 2 cm chronic wound over the medial tarsal region of the left lower extremity. 1. Describe the location of this graft site. 2. Describe the location of this wound.
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3. Describe the location of this bruise. 4. Describe this laceration. 5. Use the descriptions to document the location of the gunshot wound. Designate with the following symbols where the entrance (X) and exit (+) wound is located. (X) Entrance wound: Patient has a gunshot wound in the right pectoral region 1 inch medial to the axillary region. (+) Exit wound: The bullet exited the body in the right posterior thoracic region 2 inches lateral to the vertebral region.
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Knowing You (author unknown) I do not know all the paths you chose to walk down in life, but I have felt the fibers of all the muscles that carried you there. I do not know what made your heart burst with love, but I have pictured how the blood flowed through the four chambers of your heart.
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