Or the minorities the indigenous peoples right act

This preview shows page 126 - 130 out of 171 pages.

or the minorities ("The Indigenous Peoples Right Act", 2007). Figure 18. History of Government Agencies on Indigenous People (World Bank, 2007, Illustration by Sherrenne De Amboy)
Readings in Philippine History 120 The Philippines became one of the first countries in Asia who used the term Indigenous People (Asian Development Bank, 2002; World Bank, 2007). The country is composed of 110 ethno-linguistics groups, raptly 14-17 million of its population ( Indigenous people of the Philippines , 2009). Majority of the IPs are located in Mindanao which consists of 61 % of the population while 33 % from the Northern Luzon which are mostly situated in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) and the remaining group are from Visayas (Carino, 2012). In Mindanao there are two main IP groups, the Lumads and the Moro Peoples. The term Lumad is used to refer the 18 non-Muslim IP groups in the region. According to the Visayans, Lumad means ―of the land‖ . The seven listed Islamized group are known to be the Moro Peoples or the Muslims (Thompson, 2014). The Igorot is the collective and most common term used for the IPs in the Cordillera Administrative Region. Their inclination to highland habitat became one of the reasons why the Spanish conquistadores were not able to convert them into Christianity. Some of them live near the rivers and foothills. Other ethno-linguistic groups in the region are identified as Ifugao, Ibaloy, Bontoc Isneg, Tinguia and Kankanaey . According to Carino (2012) and Thompson (2014), the term Igorot means people from (i-) the mountain. And lastly, the Mangyan , the collective name for eight sub-groups, are found in the Island of Mindoro. Figure 19. Ethno-Linguistic Map of the Philippines (NCIP, 2019) The IPs, regardless of their unique and distinct culture, belong to the most disadvantaged group and subjected to racial discrimination (De Vera, 2007; Sanders, 1989). The timeline (see Figure 18) shows the history of government agencies in the country which
Readings in Philippine History 121 created to protect the welfare of the IPs in the Philippines. The 1987 Constitution therefore recognize the rights of the IPs the country, to wit: The State recognizes and promotes the rights of indigenous Cultural communities within the framework of national unity and developmen t‖ Article II, Sec 22 (Declaration of State Policies and Principles) Following the mandate of the 1987 Constitution, the Indigenous Peoples‘ Rights Act or IPRA was enacted in 1997 during the term of President Fidel Ramos. That Republic Act became responsible in the ratification of the creation of the Four Bundle of Rights for the IPs in the country (see figure 19). Figure 20. Four Bundles of Rights from Republic Act No. 8371. (Illustration by Sherrenne De Amboy). The year after IPRA was enacted the National Commission on Indigenous People was created. The agency‘s mandate is to protect and promote the interest and welfare of the IPs in connection to their beliefs, traditions, institutions and customs.
Readings in Philippine History 122 Activity Write a reflection essay regarding the information that you will gather on the following tasks: Option A. Interview.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture