Walt W Rostows modernization theory outlined historical progress in terms of a

Walt w rostows modernization theory outlined

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Walt W. Rostow’s modernization theory – outlined historical progress in terms of a society’s capacity to produce and consume materials goods. Samuel Huntington’s theory of world politics – ‘clash of civilizations’ is the main source of conflict in the post-cold war world, rehashes many of colonial stereotypes associated with so-called backward civilizations. Francis Fukuyama’s theory about the ‘end of history’ – manifesting in the complete triumph of Western capitalism and liberalism turns the West into the telos of political organization, which all must aspire to. Thomas Friedman – articulating global progress in terms of a binary between embracing free trade and being left behind by the place of international economic and technological developments. Lexus – signifies a ‘fundamental, age-old human drive’ for ‘sustenance, improvements, prosperity, and modernization’, is equated with ‘global markets, financial institutions and computer technologies with which we pursue higher living standards today. Globalism is not only a coherent set of beliefs but also ‘the dominant political belief system of our time against which all of its challengers must define themselves.’ Global south is now increasingly defining itself against globalism.
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