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Step 7 - Implementation Step 8 - Evaluation and continuous improvement Life cycle mapLife cycle mapping matrixStages oflife cycleHabitatdestructionPotentiallyhazardousEnergyuseWateruseGreenhousegasWastemanagement
materialsemissionPrinting ofBooksDestroytrees andhabitat ofwildanimals-Electricityforprintingandcomputeruse etc--Segregatedand dumpedintodesignatedbinsPackagingandDistributionofBooks--Useofpetrol,wastageof paper-Aircraftused totransportthe booksemitgreenhouse gasesSegregatedand dumpedintodesignatedbinsCommutingofEmployees--Useofpetrol,commutingpurposeRegular--Strategies to minimise environmental impact●print double sided●use local publishers●use webinars and new technologies ●utilise ebooks●use more public transport and car pooling7. Example Sustainability Actions• Develop tools to measure sustainability performance • Design and operate systems in a manner that allows for the integration of consultancyactivities ] • Promote the use of LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) or similar greenbuilding standards in the construction of new facilities.8. Options for Strategies to Ensure Continuous Improvement of Resource Efficiency• Turn off all lights and equipment when they do not need to be operating. • Use energyefficient office equipment and power saving functions where they will be most effective. • Usethe most efficient motors, make sure equipment is the right size for the job, that is, not too big.• Use the most efficient lights — triphosphor tubes are cheaper to run than fluorescent lights. •Replace incandescent globes with fluorescent tubes to save power as well as reduce airconditioning loads and reduce labour needed to change globes. • Install skylights in the roofor walls to reduce the need for artificial lighting. • Minimise expenditure on space heating. At20 °C, a 1 °C increase can cost about 20 per cent more. • Insulate rooms to minimise energywaste. • Fit self closing doors to reduce heat (or cold) loss from draughts. • Consider installing
a co-generation plant to reduce energy costs and increase energy efficiency. • Minimise theuse of hot water as it costs much more than cold water. Determine the minimum volume ofwater you need. Compare your performance to others and make improvements wherepossible. • Fix dripping taps and leaking pipes — a dripping tap wastes more than $100 ayear. • Install water saving accessories around your business, contact your local waterauthority for ideas. • Compare water usage on volume per unit production, not per unit time(for example, use litres/bottle of soda, not litres/minute). • Avoid using water whereverpossible — use a dry technique such as a broom, vacuum cleaner or compressed air jet. •Use a dry method as a materials conveyor instead of water. • Use counter flow rinsing with asmany rinse stages as possible, as most contaminants are removed in the first rinse. Two shortrinse stages are much more water efficient than one long one. • Minimise contaminant ‘dragout’ to additional rinse stages by optimising your counter flow rinse system. • Keeping up-to-