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The captains of the ships that transported the enslaved Africans across the Atlantic would have first pick of which Africans that want to bring with them to the Western world. European and American enslavers exchanged goods for people with African trades along the West/Central Africa, Madagascar and southeastern Africa. “But most Africans boarded slave ships in six distinct regions of the African coast: Upper Guinea, the Gold Coast, Bight of Benin, Bight of Biafra, West-Central Africa, and southeastern Africa.”[ CITATION Bak14 \l 1033 ] European ships held sellable items that they would trade for exchange for slaves, these items were; utensils
of brass, pewter, breads of different sizes, guns and gunpowder, rum and other food supplies. Selling human beings became the new business. The fifth and final step of the “Dislocation Process” is the journey through the middle passage. The middle passage was the crossing from Africa to America. Week after miserable week, African captives were potentially lost at sea. “ They were stranded, they knew not where, and were subject to a shipboard regime designed to keep them subdued and alive until the ship made landfall in America.”[ CITATION Bak14 \l 1033 ] The weeks at sea described as rotten holds people that are tight-packed, high levels of nausea and sickness, random acts of brutality. One out of every ten ships there were random outbursts of resistance and violence, the slave ships full of human misery and terror. Enslaved Africans regularly tried to free themselves from the ship and crew. “Over time, ship builders and captains designed and organized the sailing vessels to deal with possible African resistance.”[ CITATION Bak14 \l 1033 ] African captives