2. Encouraging Patriotism—Wilson stirred up patriotic fervor; in 1917, he created the Committee on Public Information (CPI) under the direction of muckraking journalist George Creel, who cheered on America’s war effort; sent the “Four-Minute Men” around the country to give brief pep talks.3. Demonizing the Germans—America rallied around Creel’s campaign, and a firestorm of anti-German passion swept the nation; the film industry cranked out melodramas and taught audiences to boo the German Kaiser; but as hysteria increased, the campaign reached absurd levels; in Montana, a school board barred a history text that had good things to say about medieval Germany; sauerkraut became liberty cabbage.4. Suppressing Dissent—The Wilson administration’s zeal to suppress dissent took form in the Espionage Act, the Trading with the Enemy Act, and the SeditionAct, which gave the government sweeping powers to punish opinions or activitiesit considered “disloyal, profane, scurrilous or abusive”; contrasted sharply with the war’s aim of defending democracy.5. Wartime Politics—Wilson hoped that national commitment to the war would subdue partisan politics, but Republican rivals used the war as a weapon againstthe Democrats; in the elections of 1918, Republicans won a narrow victory in 6 of 11
The American Promise – Lecture Notes both houses of Congress, ending Democratic control, suspending any possibility for further domestic reform, and dividing the leadership as U.S. forces advanced toward military victory. IV. A Compromised Peace (Slide 21) Page 668 A. Wilson’s Fourteen Points
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 11 pages?