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Boston security app, Citizen Connect, offers a moreupfront, reward-centered feature called ‘‘street cred.’’Designed like a loyalty program, ‘‘street cred’’ allowsusers to create personal profiles and earn recognitionpoints for being frequent contributors. Citizen Connectuserswhoactivelyreportonsuspiciouspersons,ongoing crime, random acts of violence, or municipalinfrastructurehazardsgetpromotedtospecial‘‘patrols’’wheretheyearnspecialbadgesofcivicdistinction. Similar to the benefits offered by trusted-traveler programs, Citizen Connect encourages a neo-liberal subjectivity that envisions civic-minded securityas a consumable product rather than a public good.Like the performative aesthetics of predictive policingtechnologies, security apps allude to empowering indi-viduals by offering them chance to participate in adynamic, convergent, and navigable space of auto-mated governance.Importantly, the growth in reward-centered feed-backloopssuchasautomobiletelematics,SesameCredit, and consumer-oriented security apps is emblem-atic of the emerging era ofIkeaveillance, where auto-mated governance is relegated to software systems that‘‘. . .people willingly and voluntarily subscribe to anddesire their logic, trading potential disciplinary effectsagainst benefits gained’’ (Kitchin and Dodge, 2011:11).Ikeaveillanceoffers what Massumi (2015) calls ‘‘collect-ive individuation. . .a singularly multiple subjectivitywithout a subject’’ (239) through the soft tyranny ofinteractivity. As such, it represents an emerging modal-ity of automated governance that endeavors to ‘‘mold’’and/or ‘‘deputize’’ ordinary individuals into obedientand patriotic citizens. Moreover,Ikeaveillanceillus-trates the rhizomatic expansion of the precrime assem-blage, the continual nonhierarchical growth of newnodes, modalities, and possibilities of full spectrum sur-veillance but also how ontopower’s proprietary logic ofpreemption is orchestrated, navigated, and, ultimately,legitimated.ConclusionAs I have argued, the precrime assemblage signals theprescient and aesthetic turn in securitization. The rise ofpredictive policing illustrates how the political economyof risk is not only shifting from sovereign borders tocity streets but also altering the temporal orientation ofour legal system. While the precrime assemblage advo-cates mutable boundaries between public and privatespaces of social interaction and ﬂows in communica-tion, its risk models rely on the rigidity of actuarial-oriented decisionism. Yet such data-driven predictionshideracial,religious,andoftensocioeconomicdisparities behind a veneer of scientific impartiality.Ratherthancreatingmoreequitableandfairlawenforcement practices and judicial processes, the pre-crime assemblage judges persons not as individualsMantello9
but rather as numerical signifiers—placing them inactuarial categories based on what others have donein the past. Yet far from Foucault’s omniscient and