Punishing the aggressor is less consistently

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Punishing the aggressor is less consistently effective Threatened punishment deters aggression only under ideal conditions (Baron, 1977) When the punishment is strong, prompt and sure When it is combined with reward for the desired behavior When the recipient is not angry o Limits to punishment’s effectiveness Most homicide is impulsive, hot aggression The result of an argument, an insult or an attack If mortal aggression were cool and instrumental We could hope that waiting until it happens and severely punishing the criminal afterward would deter such acts Not the case in real life o Must prevent aggression before it happens Teach nonaggressive conflict-resolution strategies After being taught problem-solving skills, emotion-control strategies and conflict resolution techniques Typical 20% of students engaging in some violent or disruptive behavior in a typical school year was reduced to 13% (Lipsey, 2005) o Physical punishment can also have negative side effects Punishment is aversive stimulation Models the behavior it seeks to prevent Is coercive These are reasons why violent teenagers and child-abusing parents so often come from homes Where discipline took the form of harsh physical punishment o To foster a gentler world We could model and reward sensitivity and cooperation from an early age Train parents how to discipline without violence Encourage parents to reinforce desirable behaviors and to frame statements positively
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One aggression-replacement program has reduced re-arrest rates of juvenile offenders and gang members By teaching the youths and their parents communication skills. Training them to control anger and raising their level of moral reasoning (Goldstein & others, 1998) o Reduce the violence scene in TV o Reduce the availability of weapons
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  • Fall '16
  • Relational aggression, Bushman,  Berkowitz

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