Mexico alone olmecs toltecs zapotecs mayans and

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mexico alone Olmecs. Toltecs, zapotecs mayans and Aztecs played the same game and participated in certain rituals. Mayans: poktapok. Aztecs: ullamaliztli. Their ball court was called the tlachtli(Aztecs) The ball court averaged 120x30. Had a low slope that allowed the ball to stay airbourne. Chichen itza=225 wide by 454 long and largest in Mesoamerica It is an I shaped court with slanted walls. 2 teams with 11 men on each side. People who played were captives, nobility, professional players and even priest kings The equipment: headgear, palm: palmlike protection for lower ab area, yoke: worn at the hips to move the ball, and the rubber ball was 8 lbs and 12 inches in diameter
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The priest blessed the ball. The main idea was to keep the ball in the air. Scoring: points are scored when opponents fail to keep ball for touching the ground. Touching the opponents endzone, touching the ball with hands or touching one of the 3 floor markers The bets consisted of gold, jade, emeralds, women, children, fields of maize, captives for sacrifice land and even the entire kingdom. Peasants betted whatever they had. The greatest thing at stake was their sense of honor esteem and status Winner or loser is tied up in the form of a ball and rolled down the stairs of the court. Coach or captain is decapitated. The rest of the team is sacrificed. Skulls are added to the cache of skulls near the court The playing field represented a sacred precinct or temple. The floor of the court represented earth. Slanted walls symbolized jaws of death. The play symbolized the battle of life and death. The game was an astrological study Had concept of team play that was already over 2500 years old. Europeans did not develop concept of team play till recently Cortez played at the court of Charles V in 1528 North American Indians: lacrosse Oldest sport in north America. 3 types: great lakes, Iroquoian and southeastern region of the united states Ball is made of deerskin baked clay, wood or stone. The ball was tossed with a stick called a crosse with a 2 ½ foot stick and 3 feet for Iroquoian There is a religious significance called the creators game. It healed the sick, resolved conflicts, developed strong virile men, and prepared them for war. The game equipment and players are prepared by shamans Cherokees called the game “little brother of war” this was excellent military training. This settled disputes. It was a mass game. No limit to number of players. No rules against hitting another player. The game was usually played for days.
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  • Spring '16
  • Ancient Rome, gladiatorial contests, non bouncing linen, ROMAN BALL GAMES, ROMAN PHYSICAL EDUCATION

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