Questions 15 – 20 Complete each of the sentences, 15 – 20 , with a word or short phrase from one of the texts. Each answer may include words, numbers or both. Your answers should be correctly spelled. In most cases, vision impairment results in reduced visual acuity, reduced _________ (15) , and/or reduced colour perception. When speaking to a visually impaired person, there is no need to _______ (16) words such as “see” or “look”. However, you should not assume the person will be able to ________ (17) by your voice. It is estimated that 80% of cases of visual impairment can be ________ (18). Most of the visually impaired people in the world live in _______ (19). In the 0-14 _______ (20), only around 10% of people are diagnosed with visual impairment.
Vision Impairment: Texts Text A Source: World Health Organisation Text B Figure: Prevalence of long-term eye conditions, 2011–12 Source: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
Text C Source: Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children Text D Source: Vision Australia END OF PART A THIS ANSWER BOOKLET WILL BE COLLECTED
Part B In this part of the test, there are six short extracts relating to the work of health professionals. For questions 1 to 6 , choose the answer ( A , B or C ) which you think fits best according to the text. __________________________________________________________________ 1. The most likely outcome of imposing a national scheduling system is A Greater caution being used when patients take medication B A reduction in deaths related to deliberate medication overdosing C Increased access to medically necessary drugs Scheduling is a classification system that controls how medicines and poisons are made available to the public. Substances are grouped into Schedules according to the level of regulatory control over their availability required to protect public health and safety. Some of the Schedules are: Schedule 2 Pharmacy Medicine Schedule 3 Pharmacist Only Medicine Schedule 4 Prescription Only Medicine OR Prescription Animal Remedy Schedule 5 Caution Schedule 6 Poison Schedule 8 Controlled Drug Schedule 9 Prohibited Substance Schedule Substances of such danger to health as to warrant prohibition of
10 sale, supply and use Source: Therapeutic Goods Administration. Scheduling basics 2018 [Available from: .]
2. The point being made below regarding spirometry technique is A It can only be performed by health professionals B The patient should be comfortable for the procedure C Patient effort is an important factor determining accuracy Conventionally, a spirometer is a device used to measure timed expired and inspired volumes, and from these we can calculate how effectively and how quickly the lungs can be emptied and filled. To measure forced vital capacity (maximum volume of air which can be forcibly exhaled by a patient), carefully explain the procedure to the patient, ensuring that he/she is sitting erect with feet firmly on the floor (the most comfortable position, though standing gives a similar result in adults, but in children the vital capacity is often greater in the standing position). Apply a nose clip to the patient's nose (this is
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