Encourage recognition of LA into Union since they had already redrafted state

Encourage recognition of la into union since they had

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Encourage recognition of LA into Union since they had already redrafted state constitution abolishing slavery 2. Believed that state legislatures should decide whether blacks should have voting rights b. Andrew Johnson becomes president i. Union loyalist from TN champion of poor whites over planter classes ii. White supremacist although not a slave owner, himself wrong man for the job of President at this time c. Presidential vs. Radical Republican Reconstruction plans i. President Johnson’s plan 1. Used Lincoln’s plan outlined in Proclamation (10% rule) 2. Disenfranchisement of a. All former CSA leaders and officeholders b. Confederates with more than 20k in taxable property (southern aristocracy that Johnson so abhorred) 3. President retained the ability to pardon any individual “disloyal” southerner he liked – Johnson used this power frequently 4. Southern governments under the plan a. 11 ex-Confederate states met requirements for re-admittance into Union by late 1865 b. All state constitutions abolished slavery, ratified 13 th Amendment, and negated Confederacy debts c. No constitution extended voting rights to black men d. Many former Confederate leaders (Alex. Stephens) elected to Congress in fact angered Republican majority e. States created black codes that limited freed blacks rights and freedoms (see below) ii. Importance of the midterm 1866 Congressional election 1. Johnson’s Vetoes a. Bill increasing services and protection offere d by the Freedmen’s Bureau b. Civil Rights bill that nullified black codes and guaranteed full citizenship and equal rights to blacks 2. Only incensed Republican Congressional majority even more 3. Johnson spoke out about the “Africanized” society that would occur if blacks given full rights and freedoms 4. Radical Republican strategy a. Republicans spoke out about Johnson’s immoral character (“a drunk and a traitor”) b. “waving the bloody shirt” campaign– inflamed northern voters by reminding them of the devastation of the war c. Democrats = southern secessionists 5. Republicans gained complete control of both houses of Congress (over 2/3 majority) iii. Congressional (Radical Republican) plan 1. With a 2/3rds majority after 1866, Congress did not the president to support any of its plans/laws for reconstruction 2. Rejecting Johnson’s plan altogether and adopted a plan that was much harsher on southern whites and more protective of freed blacks 3. Leaders of Radical Republican Reconstruction a. Senator Charles Sumner and Rep. Thaddeus Stevens led the charge to completely rehabilitate the Southern society
b. Moderate Republicans supported Radical plans fearing dominance by Democratic party with the Southern states returning to the Union 4. The Plan a. Civil Rights Act of 1866 (previously vetoed by Johnson) i. All blacks were US citizens repudiating Dred Scott case ii. Hoped to create legal shield against states operating the black codes iii. Feared repeal of law should Democrats ever win Congressional majority b. 14 th

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