southern democrats attempted to regain their power quickly by restoring slavery in the south by the passage of black codes. The second Reconstruction only sought to improve political and social conditions for blacks. The United States government brought in federal laws to allow blacks to vote and to end segregation. However, most blacks were unaffected by the laws towards segregation and weren’t granted enough voting rights. Despite the attempt for change during the second reconstruction, it only caused more racism to erupt. Why are John Locke’s ideas relevant to African Americans, and their quest for social and political equality in the USA? John Locke is credited with leading Americans to the critical concepts of social contract, natural rights, and “born free and equal.” He also argued that all humans were created equally free and that governments needed the consent of the governed. Additionally, Locke proposed the ideas of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The reason why John Locke’s ideas are relevant to African Americans is because Locke idea’s demonstrates how all people, regardless of race or genders deserve the same rights. It is considered unjust for whites to have more power in society in comparison to blacks. Thus, this causes blacks to want to be accepted in society just as much as whites are, in all ways, politically and socially. Re-state the democratic ideal from the standpoint of the individual, and then analyze the shortcomings of American democracy as it relates to universal freedom. The democratic ideal is the idea that everyone is equal before the law. Everyone has the same one vote no matter how rich or poor, how educated or ignorant. Everyone has the same protection of the law, including police protection, the assumption of innocence if he is accused of a crime, etc. As far as the law and government goes, everyone is a -citizen-
and every citizen is the same. Because majority rule is central characteristic of democracy, the danger always exists that a majority, free of restrictions on its power, will oppress members of the minority. Additionally, people who have rights to participate in government may not be competent enough to understand what they are voting for. So, an individual may be uneducated and is making a decision that can affect the entire country.