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Choose the option that correctly places the modifier, "the deer leapt onto the road."When the deer leapt onto the road, Ellen swerved and almost crashed her car.Ellen, swerving as the deer leapt onto the road, almost crashed her car.Ellen almost swerved and crashed her car when the deer leapt onto the road.Ellen almost crashed her car when she swerved as the deer leapt onto the road.RATIONALEA modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that provides information about something in a sentence. Modifiers should always be near the part of the sentence they modify. The following sentence is correct because "the deer leapt onto the road" modifies the conjunction, "when:" "Ellen almost swerved and crashed her car when the deer leapt onto the road."27Which of the following is NOT included in an outline during prewriting? a working thesis statementa fully written introductory paragraphthe organizational plan for the essaythe main ideas that will be discussedRATIONALEAs a prewriting activity, the purpose of an outline is to create a plan for the essay by laying out the essay's components and structural organization. A full introductory paragraph will bewritten as part of the drafting stage.28Choose the sentence that reflects a writer's awareness of context in the rhetoricalsituation.Ophelia asks herself what she wants her audience to know after reading her essay.Hannah uses academic language and high-level vocabulary in her speech to the scientists.Doug decides that his letter to the gun lobby will be most powerful in the wake ofthe latest mass shooting.
Derek considers the mental processes that led him to the idea for his novel.RATIONALEThe rhetorical situation encompasses the writer's purpose, audience, personal background, and cultural/historical context. It also involves the way in which that context affects the writer's writing choices. Hannah and Ophelia are both considering their audience; Derek is practicing meta-awareness by reflecting on his writing process. Doug, however, is considering the cultural context and incorporating it into his writing.29Choose the statement about a five-paragraph essay that is FALSE.It is rarely used by advanced writers because it can limit depth and nuance.It can be a useful form to master, especially for the purpose of timed writing.It typically includes an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion.It provides a lot of room for flexibility and creativity.RATIONALEThe five paragraph essay usually includes an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. It is useful to master this form, as it is often used for the essay portion of timed tests. Advanced writers do not often use this format because it limits the depth and nuance with which they can express their ideas. Therefore, the statement that this type of essay is "known for offering a lot of room for flexibility and creativity in a piece of writing" is false.