Mary tries to reinforce Catholicism in England 1558 dies She thinks shes

Mary tries to reinforce catholicism in england 1558

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Mary tries to reinforce Catholicism in England 1558 dies She thinks she’s pregnant but it’s cancer Lady Elizabeth 1558, 25 years old Not an easy life like Mary Relatively fervent evangelical Focus on rule not religion Stabilizing England from religious turmoil Act of Uniformity 1559 Reinforces Book of Common Prayer but less extreme version You have to go to church but that’s all Can give lip service Won’t look at souls Leave images No more reform or persecutions Dies 1603 Rules for a very long time No marriage though, so succession of throne less clear Dangers Still only Protestant monarch in Europe Catholic Heir: Mary, Queen of Scots Becomes lightning rod for those who are discontent with Elizabeth’s rule 1569: Rebellion of the Northern Earls Rise in rebellion against Elizabeth and in support of putting Mary on throne 1570: Pope excommunicates Won’t hurt soul if you kill Elizabeth 1571, 1583, 1586: Plots! Lots of plots to put Mary on throne 1588: Spanish Armada
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Navy manages to defeat invading Philip Bad weather destroys most of Spanish fleet “Protestant Wind” Elizabeth always looking over her shoulder and wary of Scotland Scottish Problems Auld Alliance with France To protect themselves from England, which is richer 1542 James V killed in battle with English Mary, Queen at 1 week old Mary of Guise (French mother) regent 1544-1551: “Rough Wooing” War to force Mary to marry Edward who will soon be king 1548-1560: To France Mary of Guise smuggles Mary of Scots to France where she lives in court 1558: Marry heir to French throne Scottish Protestants Minority: 1558 10% of population Many in upper class John Stewart (king’s son) Some to exile: John Knox Catholic priest who gets fired up Little prosecution Concerns about succession Heir could rule over France and Scotland Scotland would play second fiddle Lords of the Congregation (1558) Support Protestant Reformation Assure Scottish independence
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