and information displays for these individuals vary from those provided to

And information displays for these individuals vary

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and information displays for these individuals vary from those provided to clinicians and may not be a focus for the operational HIT system. HIT Professional Regarding information technology in healthcare, the employment trend in this role is also increasing over time. In a study of HIT-related job postings, results suggested that these job postings accelerated following the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act and grew substantially over time, tripling its number of healthcare job postings since 2007 ( Schwartz, Magoulas, & Buntin, 2013 ). According to the authors, HITECH was associated with an 86% increase in monthly HIT postings or 162,000 additional postings overall. Additionally, these HIT-related job listings had descriptions containing key phrases, such as “EHR” or “clinical informatics,” emphasizing the focus on healthcare professionals who had EHR and clinical informatics skills. HIT employment demands continue to grow according to a recent Health Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) survey (2017a) . The 2017 Leadership and Workforce Survey reflects the responses of 368 U.S. health IT leaders between late November 2016 and early January 2017. Although demand continues at a steady pace, the specific challenges faced by some sectors suggest that the HIT field will need to creatively address how it expands in nonhospital areas such as outpatient care. Informatics Nurse Specialist The description of the interprofessional healthcare team members would not be complete without referencing the graduate or doctorally prepared informatics nurse specialist team member. These RNs have declared nursing informatics (NI) as their nursing specialty and have completed graduate or doctoral education in an informatics program. Certification in NI is available, as are other applicable credentials. The informatics nurse specialist’s work involves the identification, definition, management, and communication of data, information, knowledge, and wisdom. These advanced-level nurses support colleagues, healthcare consumers, patients, the interprofessional healthcare team, and other stakeholders in their decision making in all roles and settings to achieve desired outcomes ( American Nurses Association [ANA], 2015 ). The informatics nurse specialist is the translator between clinical and information technology personnel and sectors. Similarly, informatics nurse specialists serve as translators and liaisons for healthcare consumers and patients accessing the EHR system and other HIT resources. INFORMATICS COMPETENCIES FOR INTERPROFESSIONAL TEAMS
In addition to acquiring the requisite profession-specific knowledge, skills, and abilities, all interprofessional team members must now demonstrate an acceptable informatics competence.

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