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and information displays for these individuals vary from those provided to clinicians and maynot be a focus for the operational HIT system.HIT ProfessionalRegarding information technology in healthcare, the employment trend in this role is alsoincreasing over time. In a study of HIT-related job postings, results suggested that these jobpostings accelerated following the Health Information Technology for Economic and ClinicalHealth (HITECH) Act and grew substantially over time, tripling its number of healthcare jobpostings since 2007 (Schwartz, Magoulas, & Buntin, 2013). According to the authors, HITECHwas associated with an 86% increase in monthly HIT postings or 162,000 additional postingsoverall. Additionally, these HIT-related job listings had descriptions containing key phrases, suchas “EHR” or “clinical informatics,” emphasizing the focus on healthcare professionals who hadEHR and clinical informatics skills.HIT employment demands continue to grow according to a recent Health Information andManagement Systems Society (HIMSS) survey (2017a). The 2017 Leadership and WorkforceSurvey reflects the responses of 368 U.S. health IT leaders between late November 2016 andearly January 2017. Although demand continues at a steady pace, the specific challenges facedby some sectors suggest that the HIT field will need to creatively address how it expands innonhospital areas such as outpatient care.Informatics Nurse SpecialistThe description of the interprofessional healthcare team members would not be complete withoutreferencing the graduate or doctorally prepared informatics nurse specialist team member. TheseRNs have declared nursing informatics (NI) as their nursing specialty and have completedgraduate or doctoral education in an informatics program. Certification in NI is available, as areother applicable credentials. The informatics nurse specialist’s work involves the identification,definition, management, and communication of data, information, knowledge, and wisdom.These advanced-level nurses support colleagues, healthcare consumers, patients, theinterprofessional healthcare team, and other stakeholders in their decision making in all roles andsettings to achieve desired outcomes (American Nurses Association [ANA], 2015). Theinformatics nurse specialist is the translator between clinical and information technologypersonnel and sectors. Similarly, informatics nurse specialists serve as translators and liaisons forhealthcare consumers and patients accessing the EHR system and other HIT resources.INFORMATICS COMPETENCIES FOR INTERPROFESSIONAL TEAMS
In addition to acquiring the requisite profession-specific knowledge, skills, and abilities, allinterprofessional team members must now demonstrate an acceptable informatics competence.