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Upper-Middle class people are more trustingMiddle class adolescents put off intercourse longer than do lower-class80% of adults with a graduate degree identify as “pro-choice” vs. less than 50% of those with high school or lessParents’ values, by classLowerMiddleA happy child is…DesirableDesirableChild behaves well through…Obedience to AuthoritySelf ControlNonconformity dealtwith…Strong punishmentToleranceInnovation?Stick to old waysOpen to innovationOther people are…Not trustworthyBasically GoodJob Characteristics, by classLowerMiddleJob CharacteristicsClose SupervisionWork IndependentlyTasksRepetitiveVariedWork with…ThingsOther people and/or dataStatus-Referred by Weber as the level of prestige or social honor by occupationOccupational prestige-Prestige given according to occupationSocial mobility - Structural, Horizontal, VerticalIntergenerational, Intragenerational
Chapter 13Life chances (see the glossary in the index)-The probabilities concerning the fate an individual can expect in life-Probability the individual will obtain good health, education, autonomy, and a long lifeEffects of parents’ social class on children’s life chancesHealth-Long-term health consequences for children-Mortality (death) and morbidity (sickness) rates are negatively related to social class-Poverty is related to delays in physical development-Poor children are more likely to suffer from serious psychological distressEducation-Parental income has an effect on whether children finish high school and attend or graduate from college-Poverty has an especially strong impact on very young children-Children who do not attend preschool have fewer skills and are disadvantaged compared to children who doWorking life-Men who grow up in poor families tend to work less hours per year and earn less per hour than men who grew up in middle-class houses-Growing up in poor families reduces men’s annual earnings by more than 40%Crime and justice -Poor people are more likely to be victims of all kinds of crime-People from the lower class who break the law are more likely to be arrested, less likely to be released on bail, and more likely to be convicted and sent to prison than people from high-classes that break the law
Reproduction of class structure???how does class structure get reproduced. Two types of theory - cultural and structural explanations.Cultural explanations of reproduction of the class structure povertyBased on 2 assumptions:-1st people in different social classes have different patterns of values, beliefs, and behavioral norms, which they pass on to their children via socialization (Davis)