efficient_combating_the_informal_economy.doc

As we already pointed out immigration represents a

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As we already pointed out, immigration represents a strong factor of the illegal work existence. The sector having the highest percentage of illegal migrant workers is, without a doubt, the sector of agriculture, construction and services, above all those referring to people working as home service or babysitters in the houses. Court decisions in 2002-2003 and in 2009 have shown significant presence of irregular ‘migrant’ workers, which still represents only a part of the general problem of abusing workers coming from the countries outside the European Union. In order to understand the importance of the migrant work, it is enough to say that in the court decisions from 2009 it was stated that there were 300,000 associates and babysitters coming from the countries outside the European Union. 3 ) THE STRATEGY FOR COMBATTING INFORMAL ECONOMY IN ITALY AND THE RESULTS ACHIEVED 74
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We can generally say that four big guidelines – interventions for suppressing informal economy can be identified. In the past twenty years, in Italy, these guideline interventions have been accepted and introduced altogether, but only some of them have been used. In any case, we can present them as follows: А) CULTURE OF LEGALITY AND THE CULTURE OF ENTERPRENEURSHIP : It is necessary to suppress the culture of illegality which is widely spread in Italy. In that sense, what has a major role is politics, information and above all, education. It is necessary to invest into the future by public and private resources. Enterprises, on their side, must understand that respecting the rules has an advantage in a transparent economy and represents a stimulus for the healthy competition. Economic competition based only on lowering the prices and abolishing the rights of the workers leads to a very expensive social damage (economic and social dumping). Б) THE STRENGTHENING OF THE CONTROL APPARATUS: It is very important to invest into the resources of the public apparatus of the Labour Inspection. In Italy, in the sector of construction, between August 2006 and December 2007, 37,000 inspections have been carried out, which encompassed 58,000 enterprises. There were 33,400 irregular workers in them! More than 3,000 measures of suspending of the activity were introduced and carried out and 5,700 illegal workers were found. In this short period 1,250 workers were reported and suspensions of the production activities were annulled. These excellent results, above all in the construction sector, represent the fruit of a significant novelty introduced by the Government 2006, i.e, the suspension of activities on construction sites if the 75
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labour inspectors see that 20% or more illegal workers have been engaged (Article 36 of the Law no.248/2006). One more significant novelty introduced by the left wing Government is the obligation of an enterprise to report new workers one day before the start of their working engagement, and in that way prevent the fraud from the side of the employer.
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