It was difficult to introduce the Western pub- lic administration system into the reality of a stagnant, isolated and corrupt administration found in post-Soviet Lithuanian institutions. The restored Lithuania could not take ad- vantage of the Lithuanian public administra- tion experience of the interwar period. The tradition of state administration was severed by a 50-year Soviet occupation. An analysis of administrative reforms in Central European countries in 1990–1992 reveals that the first administrative reforms were understood in the context of political and economic trans- formations. The reforms tried to eliminate the communist and Soviet heritage from political and administrative structures without going deep into specific aspects (such as civil ser- vice, or management styles). The first substantive steps in the cre- ation of Lithuania’s civil service as a system were taken only around 1994. It is follow- ing these reforms that some cases of bureau- cratic intransigence, abuse and corruption in governing structures came into view. The first proposals on how to make the work of civil servants more effective were presented during the period of Gediminas Vagnorius’s Government. In 1992, there were some speculations on how to improve the admin- istrative governance. More particularly, on 27 April 1992, an ordinance of the Govern- ment was issued, the main goal of which was to ensure that qualified and honest officials work in the state administration 23 . The de- velopment of the civil service in the period between 1990 and 1995 was spontaneous because complex economic reforms had to be implemented and all state institutions had to be reorganized — all this during a short period of time. The Law on the Officials of the Republic of Lithuania was adopted on 1 May 1995, which established the career model of the Lithuanian civil service system. The Law on the Officials was valid until 29 July 1999, when the Law on Public Service of the Republic of Lithuania was adopted. 24 The newly updated Law on Public Service came into force on 1 July 2002 making the framework less complex when compared with the previous one and making the wage and career systems more comprehensible. Based on a brief analysis of the 2002 Law on Public Service, we may conclude that though it contains some flaws, it is more in tune with contemporary theory on public
63 IS THERE A NEW GOVERNANCE PARADIGM? THE LITHUANIAN AND PORTUGUESE CASES administration as compared to the first two laws. Moreover, it reflects the modernizing trends of contemporary public administra- tion, creating a mixed model of civil service (in terms of career and positions). The main goal of the movers of public administration reforms in Lithuania was to create a model of public administration that would not only be modern and effective but also one that could improve the quality of services and manage- ment of state institutions. When the Ministry of Public Administration Reforms and Local Authorities was created it was charged with carrying out reforms in three main areas 25 : to
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- Summer '17