CRPD.C.CHN.Q.1.Add.1_en (1).doc

Psychologically and in daily life to help them to

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psychologically and in daily life to help them to purchase the above-mentioned care and services. It is expected to institutionalize this model in more localities in China in the next five years. B . As far as the social service system is concerned, the civil affairs departments have set up various welfare institutions to provide care and services to persons with disabilities, mainly on the basis of the age and the categories of the disabilities, including mainly child welfare institutions, senior citizens homes, hospitals for persons of mental retardation or mental disorders, and homes for demobilized soldiers. As far as the social security system is concerned, persons with disabilities are entitled to the basic subsistence and assistance under the minimum subsistence guarantee system consistent with their classified categories and their minimum subsistence amount has increased by a certain percentage. The adults with severe disabilities whose families have financial difficulties and have lost the ability to work may apply for minimum subsistence allowances after setting a separate account. Impoverished persons with disabilities, if in need of medical assistance, are also entitled to such special treatment as increasing aid level in addition to the normal medical assistance. The “Sunshine Home Plan - Care and Support Services for Persons with Mental, Intellectual and Severe Disabilities” (hereinafter referred to as “Sunshine Home Plan”) is a project launched by the Chinese government to support the care and support services for persons with disabilities. During the first phase of three years from 2009 to 2011, the Central Government appropriated 200 million RMB Yuan a year, a total of 600 million RMB Yuan, earmarked for subsidizing the care and support services for people of employment age but with intellectual, mental and severe disabilities. The Outline of the Cause for Persons with Disabilities during the 12 th Five-Year Development Plan Period states that the “Sunshine Home Plan” will continue to be implemented and that the Central Government will appropriate a total of 1 billion RMB Yuan between 2012 and 2015 for the funding of various forms of care and support services for persons with disabilities for a total of 200 million person-times. The care and support services are mainly meant for those persons with disabilities who are in need for care and support services, especially those unable to take care of themselves in daily life intellectually and mentally who need a person’s 22
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full-time care or nursing for a long period of time. The care and support services mainly cover the basic daily life care and nursing, living skills training, psychological and behavioral counseling, rehabilitation and health care, social adjustment counseling, leisure counseling, work skills training, and vocational rehabilitation services. There are currently two main forms of care and support services for persons with disabilities. One is institutional-based care and support services. In this case,
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