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forms.Further comments on implementation of this ArticleChina has carried out environmental impact assessment system since 1979. With thedevelopment over 20 years, a set of sound system has been established. The industrialconstruction projects, infrastructure construction projects, regional programming projectsand the projects of agriculture, forestry, water resource works and tourism should conductenvironmental impact assessment. However, there are no requirements of environmentalimpact assessment for the import of alien species. In 1999, the implementation rate ofenvironmental impact assessment system for construction projects was 90.4%.The environmental impact assessment takes full consideration of the potential adverseimpacts of construction projects on biodiversity, and formulates relevant alternative options,measures of minimizing the impacts, and supplementary measures. The environmentalimpact assessment also takes full consideration of potential dangers of construction projectsto other countries or regions, and takes relevant measures to minimize the adverse impacts,and set up relevant mechanism to notify these countries if the risks will or have serious92
threats on or lead to damages on other countries.According to the characteristics that there are lots of environmental impact assessmentprojects, China pays attention to improve the quality of environmental impact assessmentreports, especially to improve the training materials of environmental impact assessment.With the support of the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank, China has organizedfamous experts home and abroad, in line with advanced environmental impact assessmentmethodologies and technologies in the world, to compile the Training Material ofEnvironmental Impact Assessment in 1995, and to amend the training material in 1999. Theamended training material is divided into 17 chapters, including the surveys of pollutionsources and engineering analysis, cleaner production assessment, ambient air impactassessment, the environmental impact assessment of surface water, the environmentalimpact assessment of ground water, marine environmental impact assessment, solid wasteenvironmental impact assessment, sound environmental impact assessment, ecologicalenvironmental impact assessment, environmental risk assessment,regional environmentalimpact assessment, the environmental impact assessment of society and economy,environmental monitoring and the public participation.In order to improve the methods and skills of environmental impact assessment, China hasheld lots of seminars, workshops and training courses. For example, from 1993 to 2000,there were 74 training courses of environmental impact assessment, and the technicaltrainees add up to 11782.The formulation of policies, laws and regulations, and programs in China are mainly putforth by governmental departments through organizing professional institutions to conductscientific researches. They are discussed and evaluated by relevant departments, localgovernments and social associations, will be promulgated for implementation after ratifiedby governments. However, the environmental impact assessment of policies, laws andregulations, and programs need to be strengthened. Particularly, the impact on biodiversityis a new field to be improved in future.

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Term
Winter
Professor
monica sanchez
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