g Increase in Poaching The threat of poaching has been haunting the wildlife of

G increase in poaching the threat of poaching has

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(g) Increase in Poaching . The threat of poaching has been haunting the wildlife of India since ages. Even after the establishment of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, the threat of poaching has not been totally eliminated. 8. Maintenance of Food-Chain . Conservation of wildlife is extremely important for sustaining the natural ecosystem. All living organisms of the biosphere are connected to each other by a common factor of food. Animals form a very important part of this food chain and there is a need to maintain equilibrium. Any disruption to this food chain can have major effects. Herbivores and carnivores are required to maintain the appropriate balance of nature. If all lions, tigers and other big cats vanish from the earth, the deer population would increase manifold thus bringing a disastrous effect on the plants and grass. Therefore it is essential that the population of carnivores is maintained through wildlife conservation. Wildlife Conservation Measures 9. Wildlife Projects . Measures to conserve Indian Wildlife include various Projects such as Project Tiger, Jungle Lodges and Nature Camps. These are the measures taken towards the conservation of Indian wildlife. It also includes reduced cutting of trees, since it is clear that when forests are cut down, wildlife is naturally threatened. Some beautiful and interesting species have already become extinct. Further, measures for conservation of Indian wildlife have been taken for curbing secret poaching and shooting that can lead to the complete extinction of rhinoceros, the famous Royal Bengal tiger and the elephant. 10. Expansion of Sanctuary System. Habitat creation was another important measure, like for instance, various National Parks, Zoological Parks, Botanical Gardens, Sanctuaries and Biosphere Reserves have been constructed that serve as protected areas for the wildlife. They help in conserving the wild life in their state. 11. Breeding in captivity has also helped in the survival of many wild life species. 12. Mass Awareness and Education . Another important significant measure of conservation of Indian wildlife is mass awareness and education. Awareness about the endangered species and
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283 wildlife is considered essential for protecting them. People are educated and encouraged to participate in preservation processes of wildlife . 13. Wildlife Protection Act 1972. Hunting has been made punishable by law in many countries including India. In 1972, Wildlife protection Act was passed which provides legal protection to wildlife and endangered species in particular. PART II : WILDLIFE PROJECTS IN INDIA 14. General . The need to create wild life projects is to preserve the endangered species. It must be understood that some animal species are more endangered than others, because their numbers have fallen to alarming levels due to poaching, reduction of habitat, pollution of water bodies and other man made disturbances like electromagnetic waves from mobile towers. Some
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