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Upon discovery of the problem the secretary of

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Upon discovery of the problem, the Secretary ofDefense issued a directive.Dated in January of 2003, Secretary Rumsfeld issued a messageentitled: Web Site OPSEC Discrepancies.Within his DoD wide message was the statement onthe susceptibility of the government informational network. “At more than 700 gigabytes, theDoD web-based data makes a vast, readily available source of information on DoD plans,programs, and activities.One must conclude our enemies access DoD web sites on a regularbasis.”22One of the five OPSEC steps is determination of vulnerability.The United Statesgovernmental networks systems are vulnerable using open source data.Secretary Rumsfeld
6issued guidance and reminders to departmental heads of their responsibilities to manageinformation within their respective components.In his DoD memo, the Secretary directed thatcomponent heads apply the OPSEC review process and use that process to clear informationfor public dissemination, limit details, and ensure appropriate personnel received training insecurity measures.He also maintained that website owners are responsible for content andverification of need.23According to Army Regulation AR 530-1, the OPSEC review process “isan evaluation of a document to ensure protection of sensitive or critical information.Thedocument may be a memorandum, letter, message, briefing, contract, news release, technicaldocument, proposal, plan, order, response to Freedom of Information Act or Privacy Actrequests or other visual or electronic media.”24A Commander’s direction or request may initiatethe review process but Standard Operating Procedures will state which documentsautomatically go for review.The Army’s answer to OPSEC is to make it a Commander’sresponsibility to plan and implement policy to preserve secrecy in all phases of operations,exercises, tests or activities.25Army Staff Memorandums on OPSECBased on Secretary Rumsfelds directive the United States Army hierarchy sought toaddress its OPSEC issues through command emphasis and direct action designed tounderscore the importance of the issue.Throughout 2003, the Army staff sought to giveguidance and implement techniques to address OPSEC and website deficiencies identifiedduring spot checks of Army websites.In a February 2003 message, Commanders at all levelswere directed to review web pages, ensure OPSEC compliance and take steps to reducevulnerabilities.26Included within the guidance were instructions to the commanders on benefitsof conducting the unit website review process and first and foremost, a reminder to limit detailedinformation posted on unit sites.27Commanders were further advised to utilize the publishedArmy OPSEC checklist to review content on public accessible websites.28In the June 2003 OPSEC directive from Department of the Army, unit commanders wereinstructed to conduct a mandatory Army wide OPSEC Review.Three main directives applied toall levels of Army organizations and leadership.Commanders and Directors were tasked to

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