A you get a c on your psychology exam give an example

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a. You get a C on your psychology exam. Give an example of an upward comparison, a downward comparison, a temporal comparison, and a self-serving bias that you could make in this situation. b. Which of these comparisons would make you feel better about getting a C on your exam? c. Which of these comparisons would make you feel worse about getting a C on your exam? ANS: Suggested answer: A. An upward comparison would be to compare your C grade with someone who got an A (contrasting with a superior person makes you feel worse). A downward comparison would be to compare your C grade with someone who got an F (contrasting with an inferior person makes you feel better). B. and C. A temporal comparison would be to compare yourself with your previous grade (could make you feel better if your previous grade was lower, or worse if your grade was higher). A self-serving bias would be to blame the C grade on an external factor (like the teacher or the exam; this would make you feel better). DIF: Difficult OBJ: 12.1c MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking | APA Goal 4, Communication 6. a. Describe the humanistic approach to personality. b. How can parents use this approach with their children? ANS: Suggested answer:
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A. The humanistic approach to personality is based on our tendency to fulfill our potential through personal growth. They emphasize the unique goodness in a person, her own growth, and self-understanding, which all influence personality through self-actualization. B. Parents can use this approach in how they show affection for their children and by influencing personality development. Rogers believed that most parents provide love and support that is conditional. That is, the parents love their children on the condition that the children do what the parents want them to do and live up to the parents’ standards. This condition creates a discrepancy between a child’s self and how her parents evaluate her. In turn, this discrepancy leads to development of a personality based on conditions of worth. Parents who do not approve of their children’s behavior may withhold their love. As a result, children quickly abandon their true feelings, dreams, and desires. They accept only those parts of themselves that elicit parental love and support. Thus people lose touch with their true selves in their pursuit of getting approval from others. To prevent conditions of worth, Rogers encouraged parents to accept and prize their children no matter how the children behave or how close they come to meeting parents’ expectations. This approach allows for consistency between a child’s self and how his parents evaluate him. Such consistency leads to development of a personality based on unconditional positive regard.
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