25 February 2013- lecture 11

Countryside is not the predominant sector of the

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Countryside is not the predominant sector of the society o Dichotomy of city vs. countryside Urban based movements For most, except Mexico, the countryside will be neglected Fazendas: coffee growing plantations o Brazil  Getulio Vargas Authoritarian dictator
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24 years 1930-1945 Overthrew brazil’s first republic o Argentina Juan Per ó n 1943/46-1955 Do not break up the large land estates and haciendas o Mexico L á zaro C á rdenas “Anti” movements defined by what they are against o Anti-foreign o Anti-oligarchy Hostile to rooted, landed oligarchy, something that was very  dominant in the Mexican revolution Pancho villa fought these landed large land holdings o Anti-communist o Anti-liberal Moralistic and redemptive movements: virtues of the “common people” (e.g.  gaucho) and national culture rooted in “the people” o Populist, the people, as a source of common strength and nationalism o Heterogeneous in class composition Represent alliances, coalitions in a sense Which hints at the absence of ideology, because ideology  excludes people
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o Multi class nature of the movement  Multi-class rather than class movement: o Segments of upper class o Middle class groups o Industrialists o Urban workers o Middle-level military officers Corporatism o State as social and economic body in which different social and  economic groups are parts of the body: industrialists, landowners,  workers, peasants o Political rights as members of social group, rather than individual  citizenship (formal Liberalism) o Political and social integration and incorporation rather than class  conflict: class harmony rather than class conflict o The state adjudicates the different collective groups and puts them in  harmony with one another Guarantor of social harmony o All social groups are apart of one big social body that constitutes the 
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