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oMajority of ppl in middle class are two parents and small divorce rates. oUpper class: 1950s. women: charity work and manage house, make sure children get super education. Birth rate goes up. oMore money the longer your life expectancy. The Contemporary World System Term for this international political economical and social system.Rich part: dominant, and a poor part: peripheral part.Rich has military and technology, poor provides cheap labor and materials and play subordinate role. System of inequality.Global Inequality1. Wealth and Poverty4/5 are poor countries.Internal inequality within countries. Poorest half of the worlds population (3,500,000,000) have same amount of wealth as the richest 81 people.45-47% of world Living on $2 a day or less ($700 a year)20% living on $1 a day or less.Enormous inequality gap.Subsistence: survival on no income. Grow own food. Trade/barter arrangements. Energy:Energy as a surrogate for dollar. How much energy do people consume. Richer you are more energy you use.Consume more energy per capita, even compared to countries with the same living standard as us.Gas and diesel is 2x what it is here. Half the price of gas is taxes (due to importation).We consume way more gasoline in terms of transportation than Europe. Car Ownership:Hong Kong is rich despite car to people ratio. Good public transportation, city: condensed and high population. 1 car per person in US.2. Population and HealthAs human population increases, animals are dying out. Insects are doing well.Population is growing much faster in the poor countries than the fast countries.If trends continue, there will be more and more poor people and fewer rich people.Demography: study of population.Rich countries: population is becoming stable. Small growth.Poor countries: rapid growth. Crude: haven’t corrected for age. Average age is higher in Europe. More 80 year olds in Europe that’s why more people die than are born.The Demographic Transition (Dropping death rates reasons)11
Theory: the demographic transition.In traditional societies: high birth and death rate (in sync).As society keeps industrializing: death rates decline, birth rates remain high. c-> Population explosion.Then birth rates start to decline to equilibrium with death rates.Simple medicine: antibiotics and vaccinations are most critical for health.Nutrition: indus. soc produce a lot more food.In 3rdpeople die because they’re starving or have mal nutrition. Calories are lacked most. Calories are energy. Protein is expensive.Protein is in short supply.Global inequality: we eat ourselves to death and others are starving to death.