New poor are much more trapped in poverty due to lack

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-new poor are much more trapped in poverty → due to lack of need for hard physical labor and institutional racism -blue collar workers who lost manufacturing jobs Immigration : movement of people across political boundaries (manifestation of globalization) Demographic : the race, ethnicity, language, religion, and culture New Immigration : two trends 1) relatively large 2) racial landscape and rate of population is greatly affected (primarily latino and asian, not european as was the case in earlier immigration eras) Assimilation : process by which individuals or groups adopt the culture of another group Dependency ratio : proportion of population who are workers compared to proportion not working Disengagement : senior citizens respond to aging process by retreating from relationships, organizations, and society Chapter 9: Social Stratification Key Concepts 1) In conflict and Order Ch. 9 what makes social stratification/ inequality “structural?” Social Stratification and inequality are made structural due to their incorporation into society norms and laws. Social stratification and inequality does not have any biological fundamentals, but rather occur when people act upon an idea. -Stratification is socially patterned à definition of Structured -Biological traits are not significant until incorporated into the culture and norms of society -It is socialization process where each generation is taught the norms and values of its social class until it is engrained into the society’s structure -Distribution of rewards are governed by social norms -Connected to politics, marriage, economics, education, and religion 2) What are the varying explanations of inequality by class, race and gender? (page 190) -Biological: some people are straight up dumb à innate and in our genes -Cultural: people on bottom have their own cultural norms compared to the people on the top -people on bottom à don’t care about morals all about instant gratification Three hierarchies of stratification 1) Class 2) Gender 3) Race -rewards and resources of society are unequally distributed according to this placement -social location determines for people the chances of longer, healthier, and more enjoyable life Order and Conflict Theories of Stratification Order Theory : theorist accept social inequality as universal and natural -they believe that inequality serves a basic function by motivating the most talented people to perform the most important tasks Conflict Theory : tend to enounce social inequality as basically unjust, unnecessary, and the source of many social problems -irony is that the oppressed often accept their deprivation -conflict theorists view this as a result of false consciousness-- the acceptance through the socialization process of an untrue belief that works to one’s disadvantage Deficiency Theories → explanations for why some categories of people are ranked at the bottom of the various hierarchies of stratification are biological, cultural, or structural
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