increase occurred a decade after its ratification. The study focused on the effects that gradual
"phase-in" periods in regional trade agreements, including NAFTA, have on trade flows. Most of
the increase in members’ agricultural trade, which was only recently brought under the purview of
the World Trade Organization, was due to very high trade barriers before NAFTA or other
regional trade agreements.
Mobility of persons
According to the Department of Homeland Security Yearbook of Immigration Statistics, during
fiscal year 2006 (i.e., October 2005 through September 2006), 73,880 foreign professionals
(64,633 Canadians and 9,247 Mexicans) were admitted into the United States for temporary
employment under NAFTA (i.e., in the TN status). Additionally, 17,321 of their family members
(13,136 Canadians, 2,904 Mexicans, as well as a number of third-country nationals married to
Canadians and Mexicans) entered the U.S. in the treaty national's dependent (TD) status.
Because DHS counts the number of the new I-94 arrival recordsfilled at the border, and the
TN-1 admission is valid for three years, the number of non-immigrants in TN status present in the
U.S. at the end of the fiscal year is approximately equal to the number of admissions during the
year. (A discrepancy may be caused by some TN entrants leaving the country or changing status
before their three-year admission period has expired, while other immigrants admitted earlier may
change their status
TN or TD, or extend TN status granted earlier).
Canadian authorities estimated that, as of December 1, 2006, a total of 24,830 U.S. citizens and
15,219 Mexican citizens were present in Canada as "foreign workers". These numbers include
both entrants under the NAFTA agreement and those who have entered under other provisions of
the Canadian immigration law.
New entries of foreign workers in 2006 were 16,841 (U.S.
citizens) and 13,933 (Mexicans).
is a term used to describe an international financial institution that
provides leveraged loans
to developing countries for capital programs. The World Bank has a
stated goal of reducing poverty.
The World Bank differs from the World Bank Group, in that the World Bank comprises only two
institutions: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and
the International Development Association (IDA), whereas the latter incorporates these two in
addition to three more:
International Finance Corporation (IFC), Multilateral Investment