We assume that our partner will be on our same page but we cant be sure until

We assume that our partner will be on our same page

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We assume that our partner will be on our same page, but we can’t be sure until we talk about it Abuse Violence by intimate partners chart Women are more likely to be the victim of partner violence Particularly sexual assault and simple assault But women are also perpetrators Men are more likely to be harmed by strangers or friends and acquaintances Fatal violence Females made up 70% of victims killed by an intimate partner in 2007
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This equates to twice the rate of males Difference cannot be explained by crime rate differences among genders Because men are more likely to encounter violence in general 64% of female homicide victims were killed by a family member or intimate partner; only 16% of men Children are often present when fatal violence occurs (36% of the time) Distinguishing between types of violence “All family violence is abhorrent, but not all family violence is the same. ” - Johnson 1995 Distinguishing is important for providing the right kind of aid/social services/criminal justice reaction Intimate terrorism (previously called patriarchal terrorism - these were the assumptions of the past) Systematic abuse with the goal of gaining and displaying control over partner Beatings happen more than once a week and escalate in seriousness over time Most of the time, the victim does not fight back Can often involve other types of abuse Minimizing, denying, and blaming Coercion, threats, and intimidation Emotional abuse Isolation Using children or money Common couple violence Typical family conflicts that occasionally get out of control At least as likely to be enacted by women as by men (if not more likely) Both may participate, or only one; varies by couple Occurs about every 2 months on average Doesn’t usually escalate over time Cultural norm: Women are allowed to engage in violence against men without it being a problem Why? Stereotypes about men being more violent Stereotypes that men can take it Stereotype that women have to be protected (“women and children”) Socialized very early on that boys can never hit girls Gender Asymmetry in partner violence? Depends on the sample Community survey samples: Women at least as likely, if not more, to use violence Common couple violence
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Shelter and police samples: Nearly all victims are women, nearly all perpetrators are men Intimate terrorism Important implications for determining who needs the most help, what kind of help they need, etc. I 3 Theory of Violence Abused partners don’t always leave Study of 51 battered women over 2.5 years 33% still in an abusive relationship 23% still in relationship; no violence in the last year Why not?
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