How did colonizers defend their domination over

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What were the relationships between the colonizers and the colonized?­How did colonizers defend their domination over others and how did people resistcolonialism?­What kinds of imperial and colonial relations persist?­What are the enduring effects of colonialism?Edward Said (1935­2003)­Postcolonial Theory­Orientalism(1978)“Orientalism was ultimately a political vision of reality whose structure promoted thedifference between the familiar (Europe, West, ‘us’) and the strange (the Orient, theEast, ‘them’).”Orientalism as Discourse­The myth (Orientalism) is a discourse.­Naturalizes an inferior ‘Orient’ in need of ‘improvement’ by European superiors.­A pattern of making certain generalizations about the Middle East and South Asia.­‘Orientals’ as strange, exotic, erotic, incapable, untrustworthy.find more resources at oneclass.comfind more resources at oneclass.com
Orientalism­Discourse was possible because of European political dominance through colonialism.­Myth was produced in the context of unequal relations of power.­Only the dominator has the ability to represent the “Other”.Lecture #4­ Chapter FourOctober 5, 2015Contemporary social theories concluded (Overviews posted Sept 28)Theory and ResearchInductive and Deductive logicTheoretical Perspective & Research QuestionsMethodology and MethodQuantitative Research (positivism and anti­positivism)Quantitative Sociology: DefinitionsOperational DefinitionReliability & ValidityRelationships among variablesSpurious CorrelationObjectivity, Errors and BiasSexism in ResearchQualitative ResearchEthics____________________________________________________________________________Theory & ResearchTheory: A statement that tries to explain how certain facts or variables are related topredict future events.­Theory does not happen in isolation from research. It can inform the research processand it can develop from it.Research:Systematic approach to gathering data using an agreed upon set ofmethods.Deductive & Inductive LogicDeductivelogic is a top­down theory­driven approach that concludes withgeneralizations based on research findings—theory to data.Inductivelogic is a bottom­up approach that begins with observations andcharacteristically ends with theory construction—data to theory.Theoretical Perspective & Research QuestionsThe kinds of research questions a researcher will ask always depend on the theoreticalperspective from which he/she works. For example:Functionalist theory – smooth functioning of society.Conflict theory – economic exploitation and capitalist expansion.Symbolic interactionist theory – meanings people use to facilitate social life.Post­structural theory ­ cultural production, power relations and ideological struggles.find more resources at oneclass.comfind more resources at oneclass.com
Feminist Theory ­ gender and inequality.Method and MethodologyMethod:actual techniques and strategies for gathering data.Methodology:theory and analysis of how research does or should proceed.­Two broad methodological approaches: quantitative and qualitativeQuantitative Research1.Tends to be programmatic (deductive)2.

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