This is done through quantitative and qualitative

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This is done through quantitative and qualitative improvements to production methods, and increases in consumption of protein. It consists of a package of goods and training, valued at US$ 1,500 that is given to families to use to improve their household food production and procurement capabilities. Recipient households do not receive money as part of the programme, but instead goods, services and training. The total value of each voucher is US$ 2,000, because of the administrative and operational costs of the programme. The contents of a typical package are shown in Table 7. 51
Table 7 Bono Productivo Details Good/Service Unit of Measure Quantity per Voucher Quantity per 15,000 fami- lies Cost per Unit Total Cost per Family Total Cost Per Year (for 15,000 Families) Cow (Pregnant) Unit 1 15,000 450.00 450.00 6,750,000 Sow (Pregnant) Unit 1 15,000 170.00 170.00 2,550,000 Chicken Unit 5 75,000 6.50 32.50 487,500 Rooster Unit 1 15,000 6.50 6.50 97,500 Barbed Wire Unit 4 60,000 24.70 98.80 1,482,000 Staples Pounds 16 240,000 0.23 3.68 55,200 Chicken Wire Roll 1 15,000 20.00 20.00 300,000 Food for Pigs Stacks 3 45,000 15.00 45.00 675,000 Concrete Stacks 6 90,000 6.50 39.00 585,000 Zinc Plates Plate 6 90,000 12.75 76.50 1,147,500 Blocks Unit 200 3,000,000 0.10 20.00 300,000 Nails Pounds 5 75,000 0.18 0.90 13,500 Bio-digester Unit 1 15,000 290.00 290.00 4,350,000 Seeds (Moringa Tree) Bag 1 15,000 10.00 10.00 150,000 Plants (Mulberry) Batch (300) 1 15,000 45.90 45.90 688,500 Sugar Cane Unit 0.5 7,500 70.00 35.00 525,000 Taiwan Unit 0.5 7,500 50.00 25.00 375,000 Oranges Unit 1 15,000 1.00 1.00 15,000 Lemon Unit 1 15,000 1.00 1.00 15,000 Avocado Unit 1 15,000 1.50 1.50 22,500 Mango Unit 1 15,000 1.25 1.25 18,750 Loquat (Nispero) Unit 1 15,000 1.50 1.50 22,500 Vegetables Batch 1 15,000 10.00 10.00 150,000 Trees Unit 5 75,000 1.00 5.00 75,000 Multinutritional Block 1 15,000 10.00 10.00 150,000 Subtotal of Productive Package 1,400.03 21,000,450 Support Training Workshops 4 60000 10.00 40.00 600,000 Transport Trips 10 150000 6.00 60.00 900,000 Subtotal of Support 1,500,000 Subtotal of Voucher 1,500.03 22,500,450 Execution and Administrative Costs 500.00 7,500,000.00 Total General Budget for 15,000 Families Per Year 30,000,450.00 Source: McBain and Leonhard (2007): Table 7 In order to increase women’s participation in local politics, and the address the unusually high levels of poverty in female-headed households, the bono productivo is usually distributed to women, although where there is no adult woman in a recipient household in special cases men receive the package. To this point, the criteria for HC are vague, however, MAGFOR has established that each family must show: 52
Need: the family must be in extreme poverty, with at least 5 basic needs not satisfied; Capacity: they must have sufficient access to land - one to five manzanas – that they either own, or have rented for at least one year 3 (McBain-Haas and Wolpold-Bosien, 2008); and Cooperation: an agreement to not sell the goods that they receive, to prepare the necessary physical conditions (obtain food for animals, prepare soil for planting etc.) and to return 20% of the value of the voucher to fund the creation of a rural savings bank (Kester, 2009; McBain and Leonhard, 2007; Núñez, 2007). For the 2007-2011 run, 75,000 vouchers have been assigned throughout the country, covering all 17 departments (Table 8). To this point, each region has seen between 10 and 60% of the vouchers assigned in their regions delivered.

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