This is done through quantitative and qualitative improvements to production methods, and increases in consumption of protein. It consists of a package of goods and training, valued at US$ 1,500 that is given to families to use to improve their household food production and procurement capabilities. Recipient households do not receive money as part of the programme, but instead goods,services and training. The total value of each voucher is US$ 2,000, because of the administrative and operational costs of the programme. The contents of a typical package are shown in Table 7. 51
Table 7Bono Productivo DetailsGood/ServiceUnit of MeasureQuantity per VoucherQuantity per 15,000 fami-liesCost per UnitTotal Cost per FamilyTotal Cost Per Year (for 15,000 Families)Cow (Pregnant)Unit115,000450.00450.006,750,000Sow (Pregnant)Unit115,000170.00170.002,550,000ChickenUnit575,0006.5032.50487,500RoosterUnit115,0006.506.5097,500Barbed WireUnit460,00024.7098.801,482,000StaplesPounds16240,0000.233.6855,200Chicken WireRoll115,00020.0020.00300,000Food for PigsStacks345,00015.0045.00675,000ConcreteStacks690,0006.5039.00585,000Zinc PlatesPlate690,00012.7576.501,147,500BlocksUnit2003,000,0000.1020.00300,000NailsPounds575,0000.180.9013,500Bio-digesterUnit115,000290.00290.004,350,000Seeds (Moringa Tree)Bag115,00010.0010.00150,000Plants (Mulberry)Batch (300)115,00045.9045.90688,500Sugar CaneUnit0.57,50070.0035.00525,000TaiwanUnit0.57,50050.0025.00375,000OrangesUnit115,0001.001.0015,000LemonUnit115,0001.001.0015,000AvocadoUnit115,0001.501.5022,500MangoUnit115,0001.251.2518,750Loquat (Nispero)Unit115,0001.501.5022,500VegetablesBatch115,00010.0010.00150,000TreesUnit575,0001.005.0075,000Multinutritional Block115,00010.0010.00150,000Subtotal of Productive Package 1,400.0321,000,450SupportTrainingWorkshops46000010.0040.00600,000TransportTrips101500006.0060.00900,000Subtotal of Support1,500,000Subtotal of Voucher1,500.0322,500,450Execution and Administrative Costs 500.007,500,000.00Total General Budget for 15,000 Families Per Year30,000,450.00Source: McBain and Leonhard (2007): Table 7In order to increase women’s participation in local politics, and the address the unusually high levels of poverty in female-headed households, the bono productivois usually distributed to women, although where there is no adult woman in a recipient household in special cases men receive the package. To this point, the criteria for HC are vague, however, MAGFOR has established that each family must show:52
Need: the family must be in extreme poverty, with at least 5 basic needs not satisfied;Capacity: they must have sufficient access to land - one to five manzanas – that they either own, or have rented for at least one year3(McBain-Haas and Wolpold-Bosien, 2008); andCooperation: an agreement to not sell the goods that they receive, to prepare the necessary physical conditions (obtain food for animals, prepare soil for planting etc.) and to return 20% of the value of the voucher to fund the creation of a rural savings bank (Kester, 2009; McBain and Leonhard, 2007; Núñez, 2007).For the 2007-2011 run, 75,000 vouchers have been assigned throughout the country, covering all 17 departments (Table 8). To this point, each region has seen between 10 and 60% of the vouchers assigned in their regions delivered.