Long term orientation lto focuses on the degree the

This preview shows page 7 - 9 out of 16 pages.

Long-Term Orientation ( LTO) focuses on the degree the society embraces, or does not embrace long-term devotion to traditional, forward thinking values. High Long-Term Orientation ranking indicates the country prescribes to the values of long-term commitments and respect for tradition. A Low Long-Term Orientation ranking indicates the society does not reinforce the concept of long-term, traditional orientation. In this culture, change can occur more rapidly as long-term traditions and commitments do not become impediments to change.
8 4.0 POPULATION AND SAMPLE The population for this study was composed of the 150 Information Technology learners of Faculty of Information Technology and Multimedia Communication, Open University Malaysia. This population was selected for this study because of the learner’s diverse multicultural backgrounds and their underlying interest in all forms of training and instructional delivery. The sample of this study consisted of the 79 attendees who volunteered to participate in the study. Those who did not volunteer to participate in the study were unavailable to complete all stages of the study and therefore could not produce useable data sets for analysis. 5.0 INSTRUMENTATION Instruments developed by Zaharias (2004) and Hosfstede (1994) were used in this study with each instrument collecting information regarding unique aspects of the study. The self-administered questionnaire was piloted and used in previous research, including a study on e-learning and national culture. The questionnaire targeted the study participants’ opinions regarding issues such as satisfaction with navigation schemes, colour selections, information presentation, page layout and overall usability as all of the respondents have been using myLMS as their primary online interaction tool in their studies. Essentially, this instrument measured the cultural dimensions and usability attributes. Each study participant was given an approximately an hour completing the data collection process for this study. 6.0 DATA ANALYSIS Data gathered via the above instrumentation were analyzed using several techniques. Demographic information collected using the User Background Information Form was reviewed and categorized using simple frequency counts and statistical means. The remaining data were utilized in a series of correlational calculations necessary to measure the relationships between participants’ their cultural dimensions and usability attributes. 7.0 FINDINGS The following section describes the key findings emerging from this study. This section presents the findings or results of the study by organizing them around the four research questions of the study. There were five cultural variables and nine usability variables utilized in this study. As the normality is assumed as shown in Table 3, the relationships between the cultural variables and the usability variables were measured through the use of correlational calculations involving each of the cultural factors and multiple measures for both system usability shown in Table 2.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture