cause of the suicide. In fact, many factors often interact in a complex manner to contribute to a person’s decision to commit suicide.Pages: 33 –34 LO: 4 13. Describe the major ethical concerns in sociological research. (1) researchers must endeavor to maintain objectivity and integrity in their research by disclosing their research findings in full and including all possible interpretations of the data (even those interpretations that do not support their own viewpoints), (2) researchers must safeguard the participants’ right to privacy and dignity while protecting them from harm, (3) researchers must protect confidential information provided by participants, even when this information is not considered to be ―privileged‖ (legally protected, as in the case between doctor and patient and between attorney and client) and legal pressure is applied to reveal this information, and (4) researchers must acknowledge research collaboration and assistance they receive from others and disclose all sources of financial support. Sociologists are obligated to adhere to this code and to protect research participants. Page: 36 LO: 6 14. Briefly discuss either (a) secondary analysis or (b) the experiment in terms of what it involves along with its advantages and disadvantages. Answer: (a) secondary analysis uses already existing materials, materials that were collected by others. Examples include: public records, official reports, and raw data collected by other researchers. This method includes content analysis which is the systematic examination of cultural artifacts or various forms of communication to extract hematic data and draw conclusions. One of its strengths is that data are readily available and inexpensive. Also, since the researcher did not collect the data personally, the chances of bias may be reduced. A major problem is that the researcher does not always know if the data are incomplete, unauthentic or inaccurate. (b) The experiment is a carefully designed situation in which the researcher studies the impact of certain variables on subjects’ attitudes or behaviors. An experiment has an experimental group which is exposed to the independent variable and a control group where the subjects are not exposed to the independent variable. A major advantage is the control which the experimenter has while the greatest limitation is that the experiment is artificial. Page: 34 –36 LO: 14 15. Briefly describe the warning signs of suicide.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 31 pages?
- Spring '08
- Sociology, Lo