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line was on the first and higher hill and Washington’s dragoons were placed behind the hill. He had no guns. Morgan’s men had a night’s sleep and breakfast in their positions. Tarleton marched his force onto the battlefield and attacked immediately. His first move was to send the 17th Light Dragoons to disperse the riflemen. The dragoons were driven back by accurate fire. Tarleton formed his infantry line and began the advance; the Light Infantry on the right, the infantry of his legion in the centre and the 7th Royal Fusiliers on the left. Troops of light dragoons flanked the foot. The reserve comprised the 71st Highlanders and the cavalry of Tarleton’s legion. Morgan’s riflemen opened fire on the British line and This small battle had an effect disproportionate to its size. As seemed to be the case throughout the war British victories achieved little in the long term while every American victory gave encouragement to the colonies.
Appendix CHIS/115 Version 314made a point of shooting down the “epaulettes” (the officers), before falling back behind the main American line. The British lost 39 officers and 60 soldiers killed. 829 were captured. 12 Americans were killed and 60 wounded. The Americans captured the British baggage and the colors of the 7th Foot.”The Battle of Cowpens 1781. (2012). Retrieved from YorktownAccording to "The Battle of Yorktown 1781" (2012), “Losing his grip on the Carolinas, Cornwallis marched his army into Virginia and seized Yorktown and Gloucester, towns on each side of the York River. With the arrival of the French fleet of Admiral De Grasse, General Washington was able to march south from New York with the joint American and French army to attack Cornwallis. The Americans and French marched out of Williamsburg and arrived before Yorktown on 28th September 1781, forming a semi-circle around the entrenchments and putting the British under siege. Cornwallis expecting Major General Clinton to sail from New York with a relieving force had decided to remain in Yorktown rather than March south to the Carolinas or attempt to reach New York. His first move was the inexplicable one of abandoning a line of four redoubts that dominated the British positions. The Americans immediately occupied the empty redoubts. With no sign of Clinton’s relief and with inadequate supplies of artillery ammunition and food, on 19th October 1781 Cornwallis’ army marched out of Yorktown and surrendered. The Battle of Yorktown 1781. (2012). Retrieved from Casualties: 6,000 British surrendered to the Americans and French with 10 stands of German and British colors, 240 pieces of artillery, small arms, ammunition and equipment. The casualties during the siege had been 500 British, 80 Americans and 200 French. The capitulation of the British to the Americans and French ended the fighting in the war and led to the Peace Treaty that acknowledged the independence of the American states.