(17) Freedom's Boundaries..., 1890–1900(1).pptx

Farmers movements the ocala convention dec 1890 a

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Farmer’s Movements The Ocala Convention (Dec. 1890) A graduated income tax Direct election of U.S. Senators “Free Silver” Government control of rail, telephone, and telegraph services A system of government-owned crop sub- treasuries.
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Election of 1896 By 1896, the People’s Party was at the height of its power. The party constituted a coalition of urban laborers and rural farmers. Party elected several Governors, Congressmen, and other state officials throughout the country.
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Election of 1896 William Jennings Bryan In 1896, Bryan was a one-term congressman from Nebraska. He was a brilliant orator. “Cross of Gold Speech” You shall not press down upon the brow of labor a crown of thorns, you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of Gold”
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Election of 1896 Results of 1896 Presidential Election McKinley-Hobart (Rep.) Bryan-Sewell (Dem.) Bryan-Watson (Pop.) The “fusion” of the Democrat and Populist presidential tickets gave the win to McKinley by less than 1 million votes. This ruined the People’s Party.
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“American Imperialism” During the 1800s, America was concerned with westward expansion and economic growth. Many Americans took an “internal” view. Distances and two oceans isolated America. This reinforced the internal view.
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“American Imperialism Imperialism ”—the extension or imposition of a nation’s power over another either through military force or by other coercive means. Isolationism ”— The idea that America was protected by distances from foreign powers and should stay out of involvement in other’s wars.
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Continued Expansion “Seward’s Folly” (1867) William H. Seward, Secretary of State Expand trade with Asia Remove “foreign interests” from the continent. Purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million. Everyone thought he was nuts.
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Continued Expansion Hawaii Had been an independent Kingdom since 1795. In 1875, US and Hawaii signed a treaty which waived duties on Hawaiian sugar. “Queen Lilioukalani” ascended the throne in 1891 and resented American influence. Queen Overthrown Hawaii annexed in 1898
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Imperialist Theory A new version of “Manifest Destiny” “American Political Ideals” (1885) By John Fiske Stressed the superiority of Anglo-Saxon Institutions. Also Culture and Language
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Imperialist Theory Our Country: Its Possible Future and Present Crisis” (1885) Josiah Strong Stressed Anglo-Saxon “civil liberties” and “pure spiritual Christianity.” Anglo-Saxon race was “divinely commissioned to be his brother’s keeper.” “Our Little Brown Brothers”
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Spanish American War Background: Cuba Libr é— Cubans repeatedly rebelled against Spanish rule.
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