prosecution of these youngsters to state courts. Thus, the federal effort is directed at the adult offender. This mandates collaborative law enforcement efforts to include joining resources and sharing investiga- tive missions. Coordinating Law Enforcement Resources Against Gangs 165
14.6 RISE OF ANTI-GANG EFFORTS IN THE 1990 S Law enforcement and intelligence community missions addressed new priorities following the collapse of the Soviet Empire. A renewed emphasis on addressing organized criminal enterprise impacted the United States. Domestic and internationally-based gangs proliferated throughout the American homeland. South American drug trafficking networks, Eurasian networks, and Middle Eastern drug trafficking con- tributed to the well-organized trafficking of drugs to American con- sumers. Both home-based gangs and gangs with national and international influence welcomed the opportunities that the new wealth in drug trafficking provided. The influence of street gangs increased at an alarming rate, menacing neighborhoods, communities, and terroriz- ing the helpless. During the same time period in the early 1990s, law enforcement used contemporary new technology to investigate the emerging system of gang activities that showed staying power. Gangs started to utilize more sophisticated and organized approach to their criminal enterpris- es. Gangs made use of sophisticated new information and communica- tions technologies. The ease of travel increased mobility, which increased the influence of gangs throughout the United States. Gangs were increasingly successful in their efforts to corrupt law enforcement and politicians nationally and in foreign countries. International gangs used weapons of terror and intimidation to lower their risks of detection and prosecution in some nations. 14.7 THE ANTI-GANG RESPONSES OF LAW ENFORCERS During the 1990s, the record increases in the level of violent crime and gang crime resulted in renewed commitment decisions by law enforcement to fight back more effectively. The FBI developed the Safe Streets program in 1993 as a mechanism to confront the increasing problems with street gangs. Criminal intelligence programs were estab- lished in FBI field offices along the southern United States border, with Mexico in the southwest to southern Florida, in those major field offices which initiated regional initiatives. These criminal intelligence pro- grams were staffed with local and state law enforcement working as full 166 Gangs and Law Enforcement
partners with federal agents. The FBI goal was to collect, analyze and disseminate intelligence to support law enforcement efforts to identify gang hierarchies and to more effectively direct law enforcement resources to crush gang organizations. States also began developing gang legislation to combat gangs at the state level.
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- Winter '18
- Salome Vejar