The movements led by the Indian National Congress fought for a democratically

The movements led by the indian national congress

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together peacefully. The movements led by the Indian National Congress fought for a democratically secular India. They drew on ideas prevalent in the 19 th century British liberalism and wanted to instill those beliefs in the Indian context. “India's success as the world's largest democracy, during a period when many other fledgling nations have endured strife, is largely
down to imperial rule. It established the framework for India's justice system, civil service, loyal army and efficient police force.” (Adrian Lee, 2013) The transport system in India at the time were bullock carts and pack animals. The British, on the other hand, needed a better transport system and built railways to connect the raw materials with the export areas which would facilitate faster movement of the goods to different parts of the country. Although the railways were set up for the advantage of British trade, it also played an important role in awakening the country, the extensive transport system and improved education brought people and ideas closer. Since the partition in 1947, the railways have been vital to India’s success in developing large cities and industrial areas. The British also took a valuable interest in introducing English to the Indian population and had many reasons for doing so. It was part of a strategic plan to replace British workers who demanded higher wages, but could pay less to Indians for the same work thus reducing administrative costs. It was also expected to create a new class of Indians, those who appreciate the culture and opinions of the British and would naturally become loyal. In addition, it would also increase the market for British goods and strengthen the political aspects in the country.

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