Are you using ink? Remember… no pencil!2.Fighting Begins, pp 86-87Key Concepts & Main IdeasNotesAnalysisDuring and afterthe imperial strugglesof themid-18th century, new pressures began to unite the British colonies against perceived and real constraints on their economic activities and political rights, sparking a colonial independence movementand war with Britain. Fighting Begins… Dismissing the First Continental congress the king declared Massachusetts a rebellion and send more troops to keep in under control Lexington and Concord…Where British destroyed military supplies but were afterwards attacked en route to Boston and 250 were killed and where Minutemen assembled to face British; 8 Americans killedBunker Hill…Breed's Hill, next to Bunker hill, was fortified and aBritish force took the hill while suffering over 1000 casualties; American victoryWhat was the chief reason for colonial discontent just prior to the first shots?He was attacked first by the colonistExplain how the fighting betweenBritish troops and colonists illustrated the cultural conflict that had evolved. At the beginning it was one country with two parts one wanting to free away and the 2 parts had the same culture.3.The Second Continental Congress, pp 87-88Key Concepts& Main IdeasNotesAnalysisThe resulting independence movementwas fueled by established colonial elites, as well as by grassroots movements that included newly mobilized laborers, artisans, and women, and rested on arguments over the rights of British subjects, the rights ofthe individual, and the ideas of the Enlightenment. The colonists’ belief in the superiority of republican self-governmentbased on the natural rights of the people found its clearest American expression in Thomas Paine’s Second Continental Congress…met in Philly, divided between two groups, one who believed that America should break away,and another who hoped the conflict could be resolved by negotiating a new relationship with the mother countryMilitary Actions…Declaration of the Causes and Necessities forTaking Up Arms and called on the colonies to provide troops.George Washinton was also appointed as comaner in chief Peace Efforts The colonist sent the Olive branch Petition to King George III where they had asked “asked the king to intercede with Parliament to secure peace and the protection of colonial rights.” In this petition they had also pledge their loyalty to the king.