1. What is the Purposeof this Act?He is trying to force the colonies to only trade with England and promote mercantilism. 2. When England loosely enforced this law, that was an example of…….Salutary Neglect3. What are implications of England loosely enforcing this law? (Think long-term consequences…..)Gives colonist a feeling of self rule and allows them to later resist English control. 4. Who is the Intended Audienceof this document?The 13 coloniesPeriod 3 (1754 – 1800) Review SheetWelcome to Period 3! This period accounts for roughly 12% of the exam. In past exams, this period has been a popular choice for essays and Short Answer Questions, so make sure you are able to explain main ideas!Potential Short Answer Questions/Essay Topics Include:Reasons for the Growth of the First Party System. (Check out THISvideo)Analyzing the 7 Years’ War as a turning point. (Check out THISvideo)Comparing and Contrasting the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution Why were these years chosen for this period?1754 marked the beginning of the 7 Years War (French and Indian)which the British would win and end its longstanding policy of salutary neglect. 1800 marked the election of Thomas Jefferson, which some historians have called The Revolution of 1800. Key vocabulary terms to know for this time period:Impact of the 7 Years’ War- France was removed from North America; Great Britain was in massive debt, began to consolidate control over colonies - taxes; many colonists resistedCommon Sense- Written by T-Paine, and Enlightenment thinker. Urged that it was "Common Sense" that colonies should break away from Great BritainDeclaration of Independence- Inspired by Common Sense and Enlightenment ideals; inspired France and countries in Latin America to experience revolutionsREADTHISFIRST!
Reasons for Patriot Victory in the Revolutionary War- Colonists' familiarity with the land; political and military leadership (Washington); ideological commitment (Natural Rights); Support from European Allies (France after Saratoga)Northwest Land Ordinance - Passed under Articles - banned slavery in NW territory (OH, MI, IN, etc.); created a process for admitting new states (60,000 inhabitants)Articles of Confederation- First governing document of US - created a WEAK central government; issues with trade - different currencies in each state, tariffs on goods traded between statesConstitution- Replaced the Articles - series of compromises (Great, 3/5, Slave Trade); provided limits on federal power (separation of powers); did not address problems of slaveryWashington’s Farewell Address- Warned of entangling foreign alliances and political parties; helped inspire foreign policy until after WWIIRepublican Motherhood- Expectation that women would instill Republican values in children and be active in families; helped increase education for womenBill of Rights- Added AFTER the Constitutional Convention; created to gain support of anti-Federalists; guaranteed rights of individualsWatch THISvideo on Period 3 before you proceed. (10 minutes)
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