B the abolitionist movement had started a decade or

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b. The abolitionist movement had started a decade or so before the Seneca Falls Convention, and some of the women who called this meeting—Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott, for example—were active abolitionists. In fact, the genesis for the convention was their attendance at the London Antislavery meeting in 1840, where the pair went unrecognized because they were women. c. The industrial revolution had commenced somewhat earlier (and was certainly underway by the time of the Seneca Falls Convention), but this was not in any way the focus of this meeting. d. Correct answer. The Seneca Falls Convention in 1848 marks the formal beginning of the women’s rights movement in America. Reading from the Declaration of Rights and Sentiments, which Elizabeth Cady Stanton and her colleagues wrote to parallel the American Declaration of Independence, the women declared that “all men and women are created equal.” e. The Dress Reform movement began in 1840s, when women, led by Amelia Bloomer, rebelled against the long, uncomfortable, and impractical skirts and unhealthy corsets imposed on women and replaced them with a trouser called the Bloomer. They argued that corsets damaged women’s organs and that their skirts restricted women’s mobility. They were often mocked for wanting to dress like men. Question 10 a. Founded in New York by John Humphrey Noyes in 1848, the Oneida Community was a radical utopian experiment where members farmed together and lived as a family, while embracing free love and birth control. b. Brook Farm got its start in Massachusetts by a group of intellectuals and writers who embraced transcendentalism (the belief that knowledge transcends the senses and can be obtained only through the inner light in all of us that points us toward the truth). They lasted until about 1846 when a fire destroyed the construction of a main communal building. c. Correct answer. Quakers were not a utopian society, but a religion dating back to seventeenth century England and transplanted to America by early settlers. d. Founded by Mother Ann Lee in the 1770s, the Shakers were among the most enduring of the utopian movements. Because they prohibited marriage and sexual relations, they effectively inspired their own demise as an organization and disappeared completely by 1940.
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Chapter 15 e. Scottish textile manufacturer, Robert Owen, founded New Harmony in Indiana in 1825 as a community of about one thousand people all committed to creating and living by a shared set of cooperative, communal values. Question 11 a.The fact that there were consumers for books would prove to be important as the American literary form developed, but this was not the driving force behind it. b. Correct answer. After the War of 1812, Americans experienced a dramatic surge in national pride and identity, and that in turn, inspired a range of artistic endeavors from music to architecture to finally the creation of a distinctly American brand of literature.
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